Annotated Bibliography

World War II in the Marianas (1941-1945) played a significant role in shaping the islands today. Many papers, articles and books have been written about this era of Marianas history. The following is a list of World War II books that include information about the war in the Mariana Islands, compiled by historian Dave Lotz, as of 2021.

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50TH Anniversary (Defense of Guam) Steering Committee. The Defense of Guam. Agana: Guam 50th Liberation Committee, 1991. The 50th anniversary of the defense of Guam on 10 December 1991, that is too often overlooked in the history of the war in the Pacific, commemorative booklet that provides a wealth of historical information.

A

Aarons, Edward S. Hell to Eternity. Greenwich: Fawcett Publications, Inc., 1960. The story of Marine Guy Gabaldon’s exploits in the invasion of Saipan.

Albion, Robert G., and Robert H. Connery. Forrestal and the Navy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1962. Provides brief statement of Forrestal’s radio address to the United States from his visit to Guam on 26 October 1944.

Alexander, Joseph H. Storm Landings. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2012. Guam and Tinian are two of the seven US Marine assaults portrayed in this book.

Anderton, David A. B-29 Superfortress at War. New York: Scribner, 1978. Covers the use of the B-29s in the war including the 20th Air Force from the Mariana Islands including landing in neutral Russia and being interned. 

Apple, Russell. Guam: Two Invasions and Three Military Occupations. Mangilao: Micronesia Area Research Center, University of Guam, 1980. Written by the Pacific Historian of the National Park Service shortly after the creation of the War In the Pacific National Historical Park in 1978, this publican provides a well documented history of Guam in World War II.

Asahi Shimbun. 28 Years in the Guam Jungle. Tokyo: Japan Publications, 1972. Sergeant Yokoi’s survival story in Guam was published shortly after the discover in the island by one of the nationwide newspapers of Japan.

Astor, Gerald. Wings of Gold. New York: Presidio Press, 2004. The US Navy’s air campaign in the war is portrayed including the Navy’s air role in the invasions of the Mariana Islands and the Battle of the Philippine Sea.

Astroth, Alexander. Mass Suicides on Saipan and Tinian, 1944. Jefferson: McFarland, 2019. A critical review and analysis of the Japanese mass suicides on Saipan and Tinian that occurred once the inevitable was realized of US conquering the islands.

Aurthur, 1st Lt. Robert A., and 1st Lt. Kenneth Cohlmia. The Third Marine Division. Nashville: The Battery Press, 1988. The history of the Third Marine Division in the Pacific in World War II that has an extensive chapter on the invasion and battle for Guam.

B

Ballantine, Duncan S. US Navy Logistics in the Second World War. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1947. Short discussion of the Navy’s logistics for the Mariana’s campaign in 1944.

Ballard, Robert D., and Michael H. Morgan. Graveyards of the Pacific. Washington: National Geographic, 2001. Noted ship wreak explorer Robert Ballard’s illustrated book has one chapter devoted partially to the legacy of the Mariana Islands.

Ballendorf, Dirk A., and Merrill L. Bartlett. Pete Ellis, An Amphibious Warfare Prophet 1880-1923. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1997. The 1923 visit of Pete Ellis to Saipan and his subsequent mysterious death in Palau provides a background to subsequent US Marine Corps amphibious landings in World War II.

Bates, Major Ralph Stoney. An American Shame. Self-published, CreateSpace, 2016. Focusing on a series of Chamorros in Guam, the partly non-fiction and fiction work, illustrates the hardships imposed upon the people of Guam by the war and the legacy of injustices that endure. 

Berry, Henry. Semper Fi, Mac. New York: William Morrow and Co., 1982. Individual memories of Marines from World War II including those who landed on Saipan, Guam, and Tinian.

Blair, Clay. Silent Victory. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1975. A comprehensive history of US Navy submarine operations in the war against Japan including submarine patrols in the waters of the Mariana Islands and toward the end of the war, patrols from Saipan and Guam.

Blair, Joan, and Clay Blair, Jr. Return From the River Kawi. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1979. The rescue of prisoner of war allied military personnel from Japanese ships sunk by US Navy submarines in September 1944 concluding with the submarines delivery of those rescued to US bases on Saipan.

Blaz, Ben. Bisita Guam: A Special Place in the Sun. Fairfax Station: Evers Press, 1998. A native son of Guam’s telling of the island’s history including his remembrance of the war.

Blaz, Ben. Bisita Guam: Let Us Remember. Mangilao: Micronesia Area Research Center, University of Guam, 2008. The remembrances of Ben Blaz of the Japanese occupation of Guam in World War II.

Boller, Paul F., Jr. Memoirs of an Obscure Professor. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press, 1992. A chapter is devoted to the author’s experiences as a Japanese language officer in the US Navy on Guam and the surrender on Rota.

Bouslog, Dave. Maru Killer, The War Patrols of the USS. Sarasota: Seahorse Books, 1996. Includes the history of the Seahorse patrol to the waters of the Mariana Islands in March and April of 1944.

Bowers, Neil M. Problems of Resettlement on Saipan, Tinian, and Rota, Mariana Islands. Saipan: Northern Mariana Islands Division of Historic Preservation, 2001. Originally published in 1950, this is the result of an extensive study of the people and economy of war ravaged Saipan in 1947 by Neal and Rohma Bowers, geographers from the University of Michigan as part of a larger US Navy sponsored study of Micronesia.

Boyd, Carl, and Akihiko Yoshida.The Japanese Submarine Force and World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1995. Includes an extensive narrative of the role the Japanese submarines had in the waters of the Mariana Islands in 1944.

Boyle, Martin.Yanks Don’t Cry. New York: Bernard Geis Associates, 1963. Boyle’s narrative of being captured in Guam in December 1941 and his survival as a prisoner of war for the duration of the war in Japan.

Bradley, James. Flyboys. Boston: Little Brown and Co., 2003. While primarily the history of US fliers captured and executed on Chichi Jima, Bradley has section on the gyokusai on Saipan, napalm bombing of Tokyo delivered from B-29 based in the Mariana Islands, and the war crimes trials held in Guam.

Braisted, William R. The United States Navy in the Pacific 1909-1922. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1971. A lengthy review of the US Navy and foreign policy in the Pacific Ocean.

Brooks, Victor. Hell is Upon Us. Boston: Da Capo Press, 2005. A narrative on primarily the US invasion of Saipan with two chapters each on Tinian and Guam.

Brown, Joseph Rust. We Stole to Live. Cape Girardeau: Missourian Litho and Printing Company, 1982. Captured in the waters off of Alaska, the author, a US Navy aircrew member, gives a first person description of the life of a prisoner of war in Zentsuji, Japan, imprisoned with the US Navy men from Guam. 

Bryan, Lt. Comdr. J. III, USNR, and Philip Reed. Mission Beyond Darkness. New York: Duell, Sloan, and Pearce, 1945. A personal account of US Navy fighters from the aircraft carrier Lexington in the attack on Japanese warships on 20n June 1944 during the Battle of the Philippine Sea.

Buchanan, Lt. A.R. USNR, ed. The Navy’s Air War: A Mission Completed. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1946. An official history of the US Navy’s aviation in World War II including engagements in the Mariana Islands.

Buell, Harold L. Dauntless Helldivers. New York: Dell Publishing, 1991. The author, a retired US Navy commander, recalls his experiences in five aircraft carrier battles of the Pacific including the Battle of the Philippine Sea.

Burns, James M. Roosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom (1940-1951). San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1970. The war years (1940-1945) biography of President Franklin D. Roosevelt illustrates is leadership decisions that impacted the Mariana Islands during the war.

Butler, Brian M. An Archaeological Survey of Aguiguan (Aguijan), Northern Mariana Islands. Saipan: Micronesian Archaeological Survey, 1992. The definitive and probably sole cultural resources survey of Aguiguan contains what may be the only history of the Japanese era and World War II of Aguiguan.

Bywater, Hector C. Sea-Power in the Pacific. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1921.  Written 20 years prior to the start of World War II in the Pacific, the London journalist surprisingly provides a somewhat accurate portrayal of the war that evolved two decades later.

Bywater, Hector C. The Great Pacific War. Boston: Houghton Miffin Co., 1942. The prophetic writing of the British naval historian of the future war between the United States and Japan with significant impacts on the Mariana Islands.

C

Caldwell, Howard. Tony Hinkle, Coach for All Seasons. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991. The story of Tony Hinkle, an Indiana sports legend, has a short segment as his role as the Navy’s recreation director in Guam during the end of the war.

Calvo, Nicole A. The Ragdoll and The Marine. Self-published, 2016. A splendid and unique story of wartime Guam when the author’s mother, Natty Calvo, is given a doll by a US Marine during the island’s liberation.

Camacho, Keith L. Cultures of Commemoration. Manoa: Center for Pacific Islands Studies, University of Hawai`i, 2011. An analysis of the memorization of the War in the Pacific by islanders and belligerents of the Mariana Islands.

Camacho, Keith L. Sacred Men. Durham: Duke University Press, 2019.  A narrative and evaluation of the US Navy war crimes trials held in Guam between 1944 and 1949.

Campbell, James. The Color of War. New York: Crown, 2012. The story of the battle for Saipan and the disaster at Port Chicago, California on 17 July 1944 woven to illustrate correctly display racial injustices in the United States during the war. 

Campbell, Richard H. The Silverplate Bombers: A History and Registry of the Enola Gay and Other B-29s Configured to Carry Atomic Bombs. Jefferson: McFarland, 2012. The history of the specially modified B-29s for the mission of delivering the atomic bombs by the US Army Air Force in World War II.

Carano, Paul, and Dr. Pedro C. Sanchez. A Complete History of Guam. Rutland: Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1964. The initial American history of the island of Guam including World War II. For years this was considered the definitive history of Guam and is still an essential history of the island.

Carey, Alan C. The Reluctant Raiders. Atglen: Schiffer Military History, 1999.  The story of US Navy bombing squadron VB/VPB-109 in World War II including supporting the Mariana invasion and operations from Saipan and Tinian.

Carey, Alan C. We Flew Alone, United States Navy B-24 Squadrons in the Pacific, February 1943-September 1944. Atglen: Schiffer Military History, 2000. Provided the history of these squadrons to support the invasions of the Mariana Islands and missions later from the Mariana Islands. 

Carey, Alan C. Above An Angry Sea. Atglen: Schiffer Military History, 2001. Provided the history of US Navy B-24 and PB4Y-2 squadrons to support the invasions of the Mariana Islands and missions later from the Mariana Islands. 

Carlson, Doug. Hill of Sacrifice. Norfolk Island: Island Heritage Limited, 1982. The narrative has information on the establishment of the National memorial Cemetery of the Pacific at Punchbowl, Honolulu, Hawai’i where many Americans who died in the invasions of the Mariana Islands were laid to rest.

Carrell, Toni L., ed. Submerged Cultural Resources Assessment of Micronesia. Santa Fe: National Park Service, 1991. This review of submerged cultural resources contains considerable information of the history and remains of ship and aircraft wreaks in the Mariana Islands from World War II.

Carroll, George, LCDR, USN (Ret.). Eyes of the Navy: A History of Naval Photography. N.p., 1992. Includes a narrative of photographic missions of the Navy in the spring of 1944 of the southern Mariana Islands.

Carter, Lee. D., William L Wuerch, and Rosa Roberto Carter, eds. Guam History: Perspectives, Vol. 1. Mangilao: Robert Taitano Micronesia Area Research Center, University of Guam, 1997. Contains chapters relative to World War II in Guam pre-war Japanese residents, education, military, political status, and ancestral lands.

Carter, Rear Admiral Worrall Reed, USN. Beans, Bullets and Black Oil. Washington: Department of the Navy, 1953. Includes an extensive chapters of Navy logistics in support of Operation Forager including aircraft carrier aircraft replacement along with logistic for the Navy from the Mariana Islands later in the war. 

Castro, Antonia D. Lasting Pain. Self-published, 1994. A first person account of the author and family’s survival during the war.

Castro, Marie S.C. Without a Penny in my Pocket. Saipan: Northern Marianas Humanities Council, 2014. The personal memories of a young girl in wartime Saipan as she survived the battle for the island.

Cespedes, Crecencia S. America to the Rescue, A Scrapbook. Self-published, Visalla, 1994. A personal scrapbook of wartime newspaper and magazine articles in Guam during the war.

Chapin, Capt. John C. Breaching the Marianas: The Battle for Saipan. Washington: US Marine Corps, 1994. The 50th Anniversary Marines in World War II commemorative series on the invasion of Saipan in June 1944.

Christman, Albert B. Target Hiroshima: Deak Parsons and the Creation of the Atomic Bomb. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1998. A chapter on Tinian has a narrative on Deak Parsons, a key individual in using the nuclear weapons, in the readiness of the weapons.

Ciardi, John. Saipan: The War Diary of John Ciardi. Fayetteville: The University of Arkansas Press, 1988. The diary of John Ciardi who was the gunner on a B-29 stations at Saipan from November 1944 to March 1945.

Cleaver, Thomas McKelvey. Pacific Thunder. Oxford: Osprey, 2017. Describes the US Navy’s Central Pacific Campaign from August 1943 to October 1944 focusing on the aircraft carriers from the Solomon Islands and Marshall Islands westward to the Philippine Islands. 

Cleveland, Reginald M. Air Transport at War. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1946. One chapter provides information on the Naval Air Transportation Service in the Pacific including  the Mariana Islands.

Cline, Rick. Submarine Grayback: The Life and Death of the WW II Sub, USS Grayback. Placentia: R.A. Cline Publishing, 1999. The narrative of the US Navy submarine ten war patrols in the Pacific including patrol number two to the Mariana Islands in March 1942.

Clyde, Paul H. Japan’s Pacific Mandate. Post Washington: Kennikat Press, 1935. A description of the islands of the Japanese Mandate, including the Mariana Islands, as a result of the authors voyage in the 1934, including government and economy. 

Coffey, Thomas M. HAP Military Aviator. New York: Viking Press, 1982.  The story of the US Air Force and the man who built it, General Henry H. “Hap” Arnold, and his leadership of the US Army Air Force in World War II. Include his visit to Saipan and Guam in June 1945.

Cohen, Stan. Wings to the Orient. Missoula: Pictorial Histories Publishing Co., 1985. While primarily the history of the Pan American Clippers and their flights from Alameda, California to the Orient prior to the war, the book includes an account of the survival of the Philippine Clipper’s flight originally to Guam from Wake on December 7, 1941 with the Clipper’s return to Wake and escape to Hawai’i while leaving the Chamorro employees stranded at Wake to become prisoners of war.

Coletta, Paolo, ed. United States Navy and Marine Corps Bases, Overseas. Westport: A History of Naval Photography, 1985. Concise history of US Navy overseas bases through the 1980s including Navy bases in Guam, Saipan, and Tinian. 

Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet. Administrative History of the Forward Area, Central Pacific and the Marianas Area. Washington: Navy Department, 1946. A Navy report on the administration of the Central Pacific after their seizure from the Japanese focusing on the military aspects of managing the islands.

Commander in Chief, United States Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Areas. Report of Surrender and Occupation of Japan. Washington: Navy Department, 1946. Provides details of the formal surrender by the Japanese of the islands of Rata, Pagan, and Aguijan.

Commander Submarine Forces, United States Pacific Fleet. Submarine Operational History World War II. Washington: Navy Department, 1947. The Navy’s history of submarine warfare in the Pacific including specific items regarding the Mariana Islands.

Condit, Kenneth W., and Edwin T. Turnbladh. Hold High the Torch: A History of the 4th Marines. Washington: US Marines, 1960.  A history of the 4th Marine Regiment that fought in Guam.

Conner, Claude C. Nothing Friendly in the Vicinity… My Patrols on the Submarine USS Guardfish During WWII. Mason City: Savas Publishing Company, 1999. The history of the US Navy submarine Guardfish sinking of the US Navy rescue and salvage ship Extractor on 24 January 1945 northwest of Guam.

Cook, Hruako Taya, and Theodore F. Cook. Japan at War: An Oral History. New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1992. A collation of wartime oral histories of the war including one, Yamauchi Takeo, who surrendered on Saipan.

Corbett, P. Scott. Quiet Passages. Kent: Kent State University Press, 1987. The exchange of civilians between the United States and Japan which included clergy and Navy nurses from Guam.

Cortesi, Lawrence. Pacific Breakthrough. New York: Kensington Publishing Co., 1981. A history of the Battle of the Philippine Sea.

Costello, John. The Pacific War 1941-1945. New York: Quill, 1982. A good one volume history of the Pacific war that includes the Mariana Island battles.

Craven, W.F., and J.L. Cate. The Army Air Forces in World War II, The Pacific: Guadalcanal to Saipan. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1950. One of the volumes of the history of the US Army Air Force written for the Air Force by the University of Chicago includes a detailed chapter of the Army Air Force’s missions to support the invasions of the Mariana Islands in 1944.

Craven, W.F., and J.L. Cate. The Army Air Forces in World War II, The Pacific: Matterhorn to Nagasaki. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1953. One of the volumes of the history of the US Army Air Force written for the Air Force by the University of Chicago includes the 20th Air Force missions from the Mariana Islands to bomb Japan in 1944 and 1945.

Crissey, Harrington E. Athletics Away. Self-published, Philadelphia, 1984. The history of major league baseball players playing baseball while in uniform during the war including games on Saipan, Tinian, and Guam in 1944 and 1945.

Crosby, Donald F. Battlefield Chaplains. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1994.  The history of Catholic chaplains on the US military during the war includes combat roles on Saipan, Guam, and Tinian.

Crost, Lyn. Honor by Fire. Novato: Presidio Press, 1994. A chapter documents the role of Japanese American translators during the invasion of Saipan.

Crowl, Philip A. Campaign in the Marianas. Washington: Department of the Army, 1960. This official US Army history details extensively the US invasions of Saipan, Guam, and Tinian in the summer of 1944. 

Cruz, Karen A. The Pattera of Guam: Their Story and Legacy. Self-published, Hagåtña, 1997. Oral histories of several midwives in Guam includes their work during the war years.

Culbreth, Kennith. Two Hundred Thousand Boys on a Rock Called GUAM. Alexander: WorldComm, 2003. The war time adventures of a US Navy enlisted man assigned to Naval Operating Base Guam after the US invasion.

D

D-2 Section, 3rd Marine Division. Japanese Defenses Guam. Arlington: Unites States Marine Corps, 1944. A post-invasion record with photographs and drawing of Japanese defense facilities on the island.

De Chant, John A. Devilbirds, The Story of United States Marine Corps Aviation in World War II. New York: Harper, 1947. Includes a very brief section of Marine Corps observation aircraft during the Mariana Island’s invasions.

Denfeld, D. Colt. Japanese World War II Fortifications and Other Military Structures in the Central Pacific. Saipan: Micronesia Archaeology Survey, 1981. A review of the Japanese fixed fortifications on the Pacific Islands including Saipan, Tinian, and Guam with information on their construction.

Denfeld, D. Colt, and Scott Russell. Home of the Superfort. Saipan: Micronesia Archaeological Survey, 1984. An extensive history and cultural resource survey of Isely Field, previously Aslito Fiend under the Japanese and now Saipan International Airport, that was utilized by the US Army Air Force 73rd Bomb Wing for missions against Japan in 1944 and 1945. 

Denfeld, D. Colt. Hold the Marianas. Shippensburg: White Mane Publishing Co., Inc., 1997. An extensive study and history of the Japanese defense plans, structures, and troops on Saipan, Tinian, and Guam.

Dingman, Roger. Ghost of War. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1997. The submarine sinking of the Japanese hospital ship Awa Maru on 1 April 1945 by Queenfish from Saipan and subsequently return to Guam for the submarine commander to face a US Navy inquiry. 

Dingman, Roger. Deciphering The Rising Sun. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2009.  The role of Americans not of Japanese ancestry, in the service of the US Navy and Marine Corps in World War II.

Dixon, Sherry. Natural Destiny. Self-published, CreateSpace, 2012. The telling of the memories of the author’s mother, Bernidita, surviving the Japanese occupation of Guam in World War II.

Dod, Karl C. The Corps of Engineers: The War Against Japan. Washington: Office of the Chief of Military History, US Army, 1966. Combat and base construction by the Army Corps of Engineers is described in a section on the Mariana Islands.

Dodson, Kenneth. Away All Boats. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1954. A fiction classic of US amphibious ships in the Pacific during the war with extensive graphic descriptions of the assault on Saipan.

Duffy, James P. Hitler’s Secret Pirate Fleet. Westport: Praeger, 2001. The history of the nine German commerce raiders including the Orion that anchored for overhaul at Maug in January and February 1941 accompanied by three German supply ships.

Dull, Paul S. The Imperial Japanese Navy. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1978. By its very nature, the history of the Japanese Navy in World War II can only provide a summary of the Battle of the Philippine Sea. However, the overall scope provides an understanding of the challenges faced the Japanese Navy in the extended naval war.

Dyer, Vice Adm. George Carroll. The Amphibians Came to Conquer. Washington: US Navy, 1972. An extensive discussion of the invasion of the Mariana Islands from the perspective of Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner, the Commander of the Joint Expeditionary Force, the amphibious forces for the invasion of the three large southern islands of the Marianas. 

E

Eads, Lyle W. Survival Amidst the Ashes. New York: Carlton Press, 1978. The author, captured by the Japanese in December 1941 in Guam, describes the ordeal of the American POWs using the guise of Ensign Milton F. Ellis, USN.

Ellis, Captain Earl H., USMC. Report of a Military Reconnaissance of the Island of Guam. Washington: United States Marine Corps, 1915. An internal report of Captain Ellis on the military use of the geography of the island.

Ellis, Earl H. Advanced Base Operations in Micronesia. Washington: United States Marine Corps, 1921. Ahead of his time, Ellis provides an insight into what a future war with Japan would be like.

Ellis, John. One Day in a Very Long War, Wednesday 25th October 1944. London: Pimlico, 1999.  Contains a short section of “mopping up” in Guam.

Embree, John F. Report on Japanese Defensive Plan for the Island of Saipan. The Engineer Expeditionary Troops (Task Force 56). Saipan: Military Government in Saipan and Tinian, 1944.  An extensive analysis of the Japanese defense of Saipan prepared as the island was being taken with extensive photographs and diagrams.

Enright, Captain Joseph F., USN. Shinano. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1987. US Navy submarine Archerfish departed from Saipan and sunk the largest warship then in existence, the Japanese aircraft carrier Shinano off Honshu on November 1944 and subsequently returned to Guam. 

Eschenberg, Russ. The First US Marine Corps Torpedo Bomber Squadron. Washington: United States Marine Corps, 1988. The wartime history of the squadron with coverage on the long flight to Guam and missions while station in Guam.

F

Fahey, James J. Pacific War Diary, 1942-1945. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1963. From 1942 to 1945 kept a diary as an enlisted man in the US Navy servicing on the light cruiser Montpelier including support of the invasions of the Mariana Islands in 1944.

Fane, Cmdr. Francis D., USNR, and Don Moore. The Naked Warriors. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1956. The wartime history of the US Navy’s underwater demolition teams during World War II with accounts of their use in the invasions of Saipan, Guam, and Tinian.

Farrell, Don A. Liberation – 1944. Tamuning: Micronesian Productions, 1984. In what has become a classic, local historian Don Farrell provides a narrative and abundant photographs of the US landing in Guam beginning on 21 July 1944 that has become known as the Liberation of Guam.

Farrell, Don A.The Sacrifice, 1919-1943. San Jose: Micronesian Productions, 1991. Local historian Don Farrell provides abundant photographs and a narrative of Guam between the two world wars and into the Japanese occupation of the island in World War II.

Farrell, Don A. Saipan. Tinian: Micronesian Productions, 1993. A pictorial history of Saipan detailing the Word War II era.

Farrell, Don A. Tinian. Tinian: Micronesian Productions, 1992. A pictorial history of Tinian detailing the Word War II era.

Farrell, Don A. A History of the Northern Mariana Islands. Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Public School System, 1991. Marianas’ historian Don Farrell detailed history of the Northern Mariana Islands with extensive World War II coverage and numerous photographs.

Farrell, Don A. Tinian and the Bomb. Tinian: Micronesian Productions, 2018. Written by Tinian’s noted historian, Don Farrell, the development of the atomic bomb and the base for the bomb’s delivery from Tinian is provided in profuse detail.

Farrell, Don A. Atomic Bomb Island. Mechanicsburg: Stackpole Books, 2021. The story of the team that arrived on Tinian in 1945 to assemble the first atomic bombs for deliver in the war. 

Felker, Craig C. Testing American Sea Power. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2007. A review of the US Navy’s Pacific Fleet exercises held between 1923 and 1940.

Flores, Fermin B. Vision Fulfilled. Bloomington: AuthorHouse, 2005. The autobiography of a Chamorro on Palau during the war.

Friedrich, Carl J., and Associates. American Experiences in Military Government in World War II. New York: Reinhart & Company, Inc., 1948. Includes a chapter on the military government for Guam.

Food Section, Materials Division, Production Branch, Office of Procurement and Material for Occupied Areas Section. Civil Affairs Guide, The Sugar Industry of the Japanese Mandated Islands. OPNAV 50E-111. Washington: Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, 1944. A concise review, with plentiful statistics, of the sugar cane industry, primarily in the Japanese Mariana Islands. Published two months before the beginning of the invasions by the US.

Forbes, Eric, OFM Cap. Capuchin Centennial Guam 1901-2001 Fanetbe. Agana Heights: St. Fidelis Friary, 2001. The American priests of the Capuchin order arrived in Guam in 1901 and have served since. This commemorative history includes their experiences with the Japanese seizure of the island at the beginning of the war and their duration of the war as prisoners in Japan.

Forbes, Pale’ Eric, OFM Cap. The Many Colors of Fr. Marcian. Agana Heights: Capuchin Friars, 2006. The life of Father Marcian Pellet in Guam, Rota, and Tinian with a time spent as a prisoner of war in Japan where he painted water colors of scenes of Guam. 

Forrestal, Vice Adm. E.F. Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, USN. Washington: Director of Naval History, 1966. An official US Navy biography Admiral Raymond A. Spruance’s naval career that includes his leadership as commander of the Fifth Fleet during the invasion of three of the Mariana Islands and the Battle of the Philippine Sea.

Frank, Benis, and Henry I. Shaw, Jr. Victory and Occupation, History of US Marine Corps Operations in World War II, Vol. V. Washington: Historical Branch, G-3 Division, Headquarters, US Marine Corps, 1968. Volume 5, of a multi-volume history of the US Marine Corps operations in the war, is Victory and Occupation of Japan that includes operations that originated from the Mariana Islands to Okinawa, occupation of surrendered islands and the principal islands of Japan at the end of the war, landings in China, and the return of Marine POWs. 

Frank, Richard B. Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House, 1999. The account of the last months of the war in the Pacific starting with the fire raids on Tokyo in March 1945 and continuing with the B-29s bombings of cities in Japan, the dropping of the atomic bombs and the planed invasions of Japan that did not occur, all of which involved used of US military bases in the Mariana islands. 

Freeman, Otis W., ed. Geography of the Pacific. New York: Wiley, 1951. Provides basic geographic, environmental, and social information on Pacific Islands, includes the Mariana Islands, and was current in 1951.

Fukami, Teiji, and Wilbur Cross.The Lost Men of Anatahan. New York: Paperback Library, 1969. The story of 29 Japanese men and one woman marooned on the isolated island of Anatahan at the end of the war until rescued by the US Navy in 1951.

G

Gabaldon, Guy. Saipan: Suicide Island. Self-published, Saipan, 1990. The auto-biography and exploits of the legendary Marine during the US invasion of Saipan.

Gailey, Harry A. “Howlin’ Mad” vs. The Army. New York: Dell, 1986. The Army vs. Marine Corps controversy when Lt. Gen. H. M. Smith, USMC relieved Maj. Gen. Ralph, USA of command of the Army’s 27th Infantry Division during the bitter fighting on Saipan in June 1944.

Gailey, Harry. The Liberation of Guam. Novato: Presidio Press, 1988. The history of the US invasion of Guam in July and August 1944.

Gailey, Harry. The War in the Pacific. Novato: Presidio Press, 1995. A one volume history of the war in the Pacific between the United States and Japan.

Galantin, Admiral I.J. Take Her Deep. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1987. Includes two war patrols of the US Navy submarine Halibut to the Mariana Islands in World War II.

Gallahue, Edward E. “The Economy of the Mariana Islands”. In Economic Survey of Micronesia. Honolulu: US Commercial Company, 1946. Based upon field research in 1946, an immediate post-war review of economic conditions of the Mariana Islands by an agency of the federal government.

Gandt, Robert L. China Clipper, The Age of the Great Flying Boats. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1991. Includes a brief section of the Pan American Philippine Clipper’s return to Wake on the flight to Guam at the beginning of the war on 7 December 1941.

Garand, George C., and Truman R. Strobridge. History of the US Marine Corps Operations in World War II. Vol. IV, Western Pacific Operations. Washington: Historical Division, Headquarters, United States Marine Corps, 1971. Provides an extensive discussion of Marine Corps aviation in the Mariana Islands and the use of the Mariana Islands in the invasion of Iwo Jima.

Gilbert, Oscar E. Marine Tank Battles in the Pacific. Conshohocken: Combined Publishing, 2001. Contains chapters of Marine Corps tanks in the invasions of Saipan, Guam, and Tinian.

Giles, Donald T., Jr., ed. Captive of the Rising Sun. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1994. The memories of the vice governor of Guam at the time of the island’s capture by the Japanese in December 1941 and his experiences as a prisoner of war in Japan.

Giangreco, D.M. Hell to Pay. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2009. A scrutiny of the US plans to invade Japan that subsequently did not occur. 

Goe, Lt. W. Chas. Is War Hell? Self-published, Los Angeles, 1947. The memoirs of a Marine Corps chaplain in the invasion of Saipan.

Goldberg, Harold J. D-Day in the Pacific. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2007. A descriptive book on the US taking of Saipan from the Japanese in the summer of 1944.

Goodman, Grant K., Felix Moos, and Robert Fluker. The United States and Japan in the Western Pacific: Micronesia and Papau New Guinea. Boulder: Westview Press, 1981. Provides a basic overview of Japan and the United States in Micronesia.

Gordin, Michael D. Five Days in August. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007. Describes the decision to use the atomic bomb in World War II against Japan and focused on the island of Tinian where the atomic bomb was stored, prepared, and launched from.

Guerlac, Henry E. Radar in World War II. New York: American Institute of Physics. 1987. Has an extensive review of the US military use of aircraft radar especially B-29s.

Guam War Survivors Memorial Foundation. realFACES. Hagåtña: Guam War Survivors Memorial Foundation, 2014. Guam War Survivors Memorial Foundation. FAMILIES in the FACE of SURVIVAL. Guam War Survivors Memorial Foundation. Hagåtña, 2015

Guam War Survivors Memorial Foundation. LEGACY BEYOND FACES. Hagåtña: Guam War Survivors Memorial Foundation, 2017. A trilogy of the oral histories of Chamorros of Guam and how they faced the challenges and survived the war. 

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Haddock, Robert. History of Health on Guam. Self-published, Agana, 2010. A review of health care on the island of Guam primarily provided by the US Navy until the 1950s.

Hale, Edward W., and Helen H. Gordon. First Captured, Last Freed. Santa Monica: Grizzley Bear Press, 1995. The story of a US Navy enlisted man captured in Guam at the beginning of the war and his endurance as a prisoner of war in Japan.

Hanlon, David. Remaking Micronesia. Honolulu: University of Hawai`i Press, 1998. A critique of the US rule of Micronesia beginning with the end of the war through 1982.

Hammel, Eric. Aces Against Japan. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992. Includes four adventures of US Navy carrier fliers over Guam on 19 June 1944.

Hammer, Capt. D. Harry. Lion Six. Annapolis: United States Naval Institute, 1947. The history of the post-invasion construction of what became Naval Operating Base Guam.

Hanley, Fiske, II. Accused American War Criminal. Austin: Eakin Press, 1997. The captivity of B-29 crew members in Japan on missions to Japan from the Mariana Islands.

Hanrahan, Gene Z., ed. Assault. New York: Berkley Publishing Co., 1962. Includes accounts of marine actions on Saipan and Guam.

Hansell, Haywood S. The Strategic Air War Against Germany and Japan: A Memoir. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1986. An overview from the strategic perspective of the B-29 missions from the Mariana Islands to bomb the home islands of Japan.

Harrington, George, and William Leasure, eds. A New Chapter in Air Power. St. Petersburg: Byron Kennedy, 1987. An overview of the bases, aircraft, and missions of the 20th Air Force in the Mariana Islands.

Harrington, Joseph D. Yankee Samuari: The Secret Role of Nisei in America’s Pacific Victory. Detroit: Pettigrew Enterprises, 1979. Provides quite limited information of the role of Americans of Japanese ancestry in the US invasions of the Mariana Islands.

Harwood, Richard. A Close Encounter: The Marine Landing on Tinian. Washington: US Marine Corps, 1994. The 50th Anniversary Marines in World War II commemorative series on the invasion of Tinian in July 1944.

Hashimoto, Mochitsura. Sunk: The Story of the Japanese Submarine Fleet, 1941-1945. London: Cassell, 1954. The operations of the Japanese submarines from the Japanese viewpoint in the war in the Pacific including operations by the Mariana Islands.

Hastings, Robert P. Privateer in the Coconut Navy. Los Angeles: n.p., 1946. US Navy Bombing Squadron war time operations in the Pacific focusing missions from Tinian.

Hatashin, Omi. Private Yokoi’s War and Life on Guam, 1944-1972. Kent: Global Orient, 2009. Based upon the Japanese autobiography of the holdout in Guam and later expanded by his nephew. 

Hattori, Anne Perez. Families Under Siege. Hagåtña: Guam Humanities Council, 2005. Stories of family life in Japanese occupied Guam. Includes a CD.

Haugland, Vern. The AAF Against Japan. New York: Harper, 1948. A narrative of the air war in the Pacific including the Mariana islands and the bombing missions against Japan from the airfields on Saipan, Tinian, and Guam. 

Hayashi, Saburo, and Alvin D. Coox. Kogun: The Japanese Army in the Pacific War. Quantico: Marine Corps Association, 1959. Translated from a Japanese historian, the history of the Japanese Army in World War II provides a general overview of their engagements in the Mariana Islands.

Herman, Jan K. Battle Station Sick Bay. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1997. Individual experiences of medical personnel include on a hospital ship off Saipan and aircraft evacuations from Iwo Jima to Guam.

Hicks, George. The Comfort Women. New York: W.W. Norton and Co., 1994. Brief mentions of the use of the Japanese comfort women in the Mariana Islands.

Hiery, Hermann Joseph. The Neglected War. Honolulu: University of Hawai`i Press, 1995. Includes a critical history of the Japanese rule in Micronesia prior to World War II.

Higuchi, Wakako. The Japanese Administration of Guam, 1941-1944. Jefferson: McFarland, 2013. The wartime military occupation and fighting in Guam from a Japanese perspective.

Hill, Charles N. Fix on the Rising Sun. Bloomington, AuthorHouse. 2000. A detailed review and analysis of the disappearance and purported Japanese hijacking of the Pan American Hawai`i Clipper on July 29, 1938 in a flight from Guam to Manila, Philippines. 

Hill, Max. Exchange Ship. New York: Farrar and Rinehart, 1942. Written by one of the passengers on the exchange ships, Asama Maru and Gripsholm, that brought certain non-combatants from Japan to the United States that included US Navy nurses from Guam.

Hiratsuka, Masao. Guam Fighting. Okinawa: Gekkan Okinawa-sha Publishing, 1981. Primarily in Japanese with a few phases in English primarily of wartime photographs of Guam. 

Historical Division. Guam, Operations of the 77th Division. Washington: War Department,1946. US Army’s history of the 77th Army Infantry Division in the July 1944 invasion of Guam.

Historical Division. Small Unit Actions. Washington: War Department, 1946. One of four units whose tactical battle is detailed is the US Army 27th Infantry Division at Tanapag on Saipan. 

Hoffman, Major Carl W., USMC. Saipan: The Beginning of The End. Washington: US Marine Corps, 1950. The official US Marine Corps history of the invasion of Saipan in June 1944.

Hoffman, Major Carl W., USMC. The Seizure of Tinian. Washington: US Marine Corps, 1951. The official US Marine Corps history of the invasion of Tinian in July 1944.

Holiday, Samuel, and Robert S. McPherson. Under the Eagle. Okford: Oxford University Press, 2013. The experiences of a Marine Navajo Code talker in the Pacific war including on Saipan and Tinian based upon interviews by McPherson with Holiday. 

Holmes, W.J. Undersea Victory. Garden City: Doubleday & Co., 1966. One of the three major histories of US Navy submarine operations in the Pacific in World War II.  The other two are Blair, Silent Victory, and Roscoe United States Submarine Operations in World War II. Has limited mentions of submarine patrols in the Mariana Islands.

Holmes, W.J. Double-Edged Secrets. Annapolis: US Naval Institute, 1979. The role of US Naval intelligence operations in the Pacific during World War II with some references to the Mariana Islands. 

Horn, Steve. The Second Attack on Pearl Harbor. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2005.  The Japanese long range attack on Pearl Harbor in March 1942 utilizing Kawanashi H8K Emily flying boats is described in detail. Two brief emotions are made to the aircraft transiting though Saipan for their mission.

Hornfischer, James D. The Fleet at Flood Tide. New York: Bantam Books, 2016. A comprehensive narrative of the Central Pacific offensive of 1944 to 1945 cumulating with the use of the atomic bomb by the US.

Hough, Frank O. The Island War. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1947. An early post-war history of the Marines in combat in the Pacific that includes the invasions of Saipan, Tinian, and Guam.

Hough, F.O., V.E. Ludwig, and H.I. Shaw. History of US Marine Corps Operations in World War II, Vol. I: Pearl Harbor to Guadalcanal. Washington: Historical Branch, G-3 Division, Headquarters, US Marine Corps, 1958. Includes a brief section of the marines and the fall of Guam to the Japanese on 10 December 1941.

Howard, Chris Perez. Marquita. Self-published, Agana, 1981. The author’s story of the mother he never knew who died at the hands of the Japanese during their occupation of the island during the war.

Howard, Chris Perez. Edward An American Tragedy. Hagåtña: Cyfred, 2006. The story of Edward Howard, the author’s father, who lost his wife to the Japanese during the Japanese rule of Guam during the war.

Howard, Chris Perez. Mariquita-revisited. Mangilao: University of Guam Press, 2019. A rewrite of Howard’s 1981 book about his mother who married an American sailor before the war and then dies tragically in Guam in World War II.

Howard, Clive, and Joe Whitley. One Damned Island After Another. Washington: Zenger Publishing Co., 1979. An energetic history of the US Army Air Force 7th Air Force in the Mariana Islands during the war.

Hoyt, Edwin. How They Won The War in The Pacific. New York: Weybright and Telley, 1970. Admiral Chester Nimitz’s leadership in the Pacific includes his time commanding from the advance headquarters in Guam in 1945.

Hoyt, Edwin P. To The Marianas. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1980. The Central Pacific offensive of the United States concluding with the three invasions of the Mariana Islands and the Battle of the Philippine Sea.

Hoyt, Edwin P. McCampbell’s Heroes. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 1983. The history of US Navy Air Group Fifteen featuring air combat over Saipan and the Battle of the Philippine Sea, then flying off the aircraft carrier Essex.

Hoyt, Edwin P. Seals at War. New York: Dell, 1993. Includes the US Navy’s then Underwater Demolition Teams at Saipan, Tinian, and Guam.

Huie, William Bradford. From Omaha to Okinawa. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1945. The story of the US Navy Construction Battalions, the Seabees, featuring their work at Tinian, Saipan, and Guam.

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Igarashi, Yoshikuni. Homecomings. New York: Columbia University Press, 2016. The story of late returning Japanese soldiers from their defeat in World War II.

Iannarelli, Anthony N., Sr., and John G. Iannarelli. The Eighty Thieves. San Diego: Patriot Press, 1991. The story of Anthony Iannarelli, captured in Guam, and his fellow American prisoners of war during their war time in Guam. Co-written with his son, John. 

Isely, Jeter Allen. The US Marines and Amphibious War: Its Theory, and Its Practice in the Pacific. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1952. The history of the amphibious assaults on Saipan, Guam, and Tinian.

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Jackson, Ron W. China Clipper. New York: Everest House, 1980. The development of the PanAm Clippers route across the Pacific Ocean before World War II in cooperation with the US Navy and the mysterious disappearance of Hawai`i Clipper that left Guam on 29 July 1938 for Manila.

Japanese Self Defense Force Staff School. How the Guam Operation was Conducted. Tokyo, 1962. A post-war Japanese military study on the defense of the Mariana Islands.

Japan Defense Agency. War History Section. Vol. 12, Marianas Ocean Battle. Tokyo: Asagumo Shinbunsha, 1968.

Japan Defense Agency. War History Section. Vol. 38, Naval Operations (Central Pacific) 1, until 1942. Tokyo: Asagumo Shinbunsha, 1970.

Japan Defense Agency. War History Section. Vol. 46, The Convoys Battle on the Seas. Tokyo: Asagumo Shinbunsha, 1971.

Japan Defense Agency. War History Section. Vol. 62, Naval Operations (Central Pacific) 2, after June 1942. Tokyo: Asagumo Shinbunsha, 1973.

These four volumes published by the Japan’s Ministry of Defense involve the battles of the Mariana Islands.

Jensen, Lt. Oliver. Carrier War. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1945. Pictures and text regarding the US Navy’s carrier war in the Pacific ending with the Battle of the Philippine Sea.

Jentschura, Hansgeorga, Dieter Jung, and Peter Mickel. Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1977. A comprehensive review of all the warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy from its founding until the end of World War II.

Johnsen, Frederick. Bombers in Blue, PB4Y-2 Privateers and PB4Y-1 Liberators. Tacoma: Bomber Books, 1979. Includes a brief overview of the missions frown by US Navy squadrons equipped with the PB4Y aircraft from the Mariana Islands.

Johnston, Richard W. Follow Me. New York: Random House, 1948. The story of the Second Marine Division in World War II that invaded both Saipan and Tinian.

Johnstone, William Crane. Future of the Japanese Mandated Islands. New York: Foreign Policy Association, Inc., 1945. Published just at the end of the war, the author reviews the history of the Japanese Micronesia islands and their perceived future.

Jones, Don. Oba, The Last Samurai: Saipan 1944-1945. Shrewsbury: Airlife, 1986. Japanese Army Captain Sakae Obe survived the American invasion of Saipan in June 1944 and hid out with his followers in the jungle of the island until he surrendered  1 December 1945.

Jorgensen, Marilyn. Guam’s Patroness, Santa Marian Kamalen. Austin: University of Texas, 1984. The story of Guam’s patron image and her survival during the Japanese occupation of the island in World War II.

Joseph, Alice, and Veronica F Murray. Chamorros and Carolinians of Saipan: Personality Studies. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1951. Based upon field work on Saipan in 1947 and 1948, the authors describe the people of the island.

Josephy, Alvin M. The Long and the Short and the Tall. New York: Alfred A. Knoff, 1946. The first hand experiences of the author, a marine combat correspondent, with considerable detail of combat in Guam and the Chamorro people who survived. 

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Kahn, E.J., Jr. The Stragglers. New York: Random House, 1962. A review of Japanese stragglers in the Pacific written prior to the discovery of Yokoi in Guam in 1972 and other later elsewhere in the Pacific. Therefore, the stragglers in Guam ends with the capture of Minagawa and Ito in 1960.

Kammen, Michael G. Operational History of the Flying Boat: Open-sea and Seadrome Aspects, Selected Campaigns, World War II. Washington: Bureau of Aeronautics, 1958. Provides a detailed review of the operations of US Navy seaplanes from Tanapag Harbor, Saipan.

Karig, Captain Walter, and Lt. Welbourn Kelly. Battle Report, Pearl Harbor to Coral Sea. New York: Farrar and Rinehart, 1944. Includes a brief summary of the loss of Guam at the beginning of the war.

Karig, Captain Walter, USNR, Lt. Cmdr. Russell L. Harris, USNR, and Lt. Cmdr. Frank A. Manson, USN. Battle Report: The End of an Empire. New York: Rinehart and Co., 1948. The fourth in the series Battle Report, a US Navy narrative series of the naval war, has a lengthy section of the 1944 Mariana battles.

Kasai, Jiuji G. The United States and Japan in the Pacific. Tokyo: Kokusai Press, 1935. Has a brief statement that Guam should be sold to Japan by the US to remove a source of irritation between the two countries.

Kaucher, Dorothy. Wings over Wake. San Francisco: John Howel, 1947. Includes a brief statement of Chamorro men that worked for Pan American Airways from Guam on Wake prior to the war.

Kawano, Kenji. Warriors: Navajo Code Talkers. Lanham: Cooper Square Publishing, 1990. Navajo Code Talkers experiences in the Pacific war.

Kemp, Paul. Underwater Warriors. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1996. Has a statement that five Japanese midget submarines were lost at Saipan and one Kaiten was ordered to attack Apra Harbor, Guam.

Kerins, Jack. The Last Banzai. Terre Haute: Kerins, 1992. The history of the 12th Marine Regiment, written by a member, focusing on the Japanese banzai charge of 26 July 1944 to repel the US Marines from their beachhead at Asan, Guam.

Kerr, E. Bartlett. Flames over Tokyo. New York: Donald I. Fine, Inc., 1991. A comprehensive history of the US Army Air Forces bombing of Japan in World War II.

Kieber, Brooks E., and Dale Birdsell. The Chemical Warfare Service: Chemicals in Combat. Washington: Office of the Chief of Military History, United States Army, 1966. The Army’s use of smoke and flamethrowers in the Mariana Islands and incendiary bombing by B-29s of Japan from The Mariana Islands.

Kitchen, Ruben P., Jr. Pacific Carrier. New York: Kensington Publishing Corp., 1980. The history of the Essex-class US Navy aircraft carrier Yorktown in the Pacific war with involvement in the Mariana Islands in 1944.

Kruzman, Dan. Fatal Voyage. New York: Broadway Books, 2001. The torpedoing and sinking of the US Navy heavy cruiser Indianapolis on 30 July 1945 of a voyage from Guam to the Philippines.

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Lademan, Joseph U. The Gold Star and Guam: War in the Western Pacific, 1941-1942. N.p: Hoover Institution Library, 1969. A personal history on the USS Goldstar, the pre-war Guam station ship, from September 1941 to the ship’s escape from the Philippines to Australia in January 1942. Includes a chapter of the repatriation of the US Navy nurses from Guam to the United States aboard the Argentina Maru, Asama Maru, and Gripsholm.

LaCroix, Eric, and Linton Wells, II. Japanese Cruisers of the Pacific War. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1997. An extensive reference to the Japanese cruisers of World War II.

La Ferge, Oliver. The Eagle in the Egg. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1949. The US Army Air Force’s Air Transportation Command in the Pacific during the war.

Lambert, John W. The Pineapple Air Force: Pearl Harbor to Tokyo. St. Paul: Phalanx Publishing Co., 1990. An extensive pictorial history of the 7th Fighter Command prominently featuring this assignments to the Mariana Islands beginning I 1944.

Larson, George A. The Road to Tinian: The Story of the 135th USNCB. Self-published, 1988. The history of the 135th US Navy Construction Battalion that preformed construction on Tinian.

Lavo, Carl. Slade Cutter: Submarine Warrior. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2003.  Lt. Cmdr. Slade Cutter, USN was the commanding officer of the US Navy submarine Seahorse during patrols to the Mariana Islands in World War II that are detailed in this biography.

Lech, Raymond. All the Drowned Sailors. New York: Stein and Day, 1982. The sinking of the US Navy cruiser Indianapolis on a voyage from Guam to the Philippines in August 1945.

Leckie, Robert. Strong Men Armed. New York: Bantam Books, 1962. Stories of Marine Corps combat in the Pacific including Saipan, Guam, and Tinian.

Lee, James. Operation Lifeline: History and Development of the Naval Air Transport Service. Chicago: Ziff-Davis Co., 1947. The US Navy’s Naval Air Transportation Service in the Pacific during the war.

Lee, Ulysses Grant. The Employment of Negro Troops. Washington: Department of the Army, Office of Military History, 1966. An Army special study that mentions the assignment of a black unit for garrison duty on Saipan and Tinian.

LeMay, General Curtis E. Mission with LeMay. Garden City: Doubleday and Co., 1965. The autobiography of General Curtis LeMay that has considerable information on his role in the bombing of Japan from the Mariana Islands in 1944 and 1945.

Lemish, Michael G. War Dogs Canines in Combat. Washington: Brassey’s, 1996. The history of the use of dogs in the US military has a brief mention of their use in Guam.

Leon Guerrero, Jesus Sablan. Jesus in Little America. Yona: JLG Publishing, 1998. The autobiography of the founder of the Bank of Guam including the Japanese occupation of the island.

Leon-Guerrero, Jillette Torre. Coming of Age on War-Torn Guam: The WWII Memoirs of Justo Torre Leon Guerrero. Agana Heights: Guamology, 2021. Based upon his daughter’s interviews with her father Justo, the recollections of growing up during World War II in Guam.

Levin, Dan. From the Battlefield. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1995. Has his memoirs as a Marine Corps combat correspondence on Saipan and Tinian.

Lewis, George G. History of Prisoner of War Utilization by the United States Army, 1776-1945. Washington: Department of the Army, 1955. Includes a summary of the use of Japanese prisoner of war in Hawai’i and the Southwest Pacific and their repatriation at the end of the war.

Liberation 75 Education Committee. Guam Liberation 75 Years. Hagåtña: Liberation 75 Education Committee, 2020. A commemorative book of the war that contains that contains sixteen Guam war survivor stories.

Litz, Leo M. Report from the Pacific. Indianapolis: Indianapolis News, 1946. A compilation of articles written by a the author, a war correspondent for The Indianapolis News, with many from the Mariana Islands.

Lockwood, Vice Adm. Charles A. Sink ‘em All. New York: Bantam Books, 1951. Written by the wartime commander of US Navy submarines in the Pacific, many patrols to the Mariana Islands are  recorded along with the establishment of the advance base for submarines in Guam in 1945.

Lockwood, Charles A. Hellcats of the Sea. New York: Greenberg, 1955. The story of US Navy submarines that penetrated the Sea of Japan in June 1945 whose mission originated from Guam.

Lockwood, Charles A., and Hans Christian Adamson. Zoomies, Subs and Zeros. New York: Greenberg, 1956. Rescue of US aviators by US Navy submarines in World War II including those in the Mariana Islands.

Lockwood, Vice Adm. Charles A., and Col. Hans Christian Adamson. Battles of the Philippine Sea. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Co., 1967. The naval battle west of the Mariana Islands on 19 and 20 June 1944 and the naval battle of Leyte Gulf are documented.

Lodge, Major O.R., USMC. The Recapture of Guam. US Marines. Washington: US Marine Corps, 1954. The official US Marine Corps history of the invasion of Guam in July and August 1944.

Lott, Arnold S. Most Dangerous Sea: A History of Mine Warfare and an Account of US Navy Mine Warfare Operations in World War II and Korea. Annapolis: US Naval Institute, 1959. The use of minesweepers in clearing Japanese mines at Saipan and Tinian. There was no enemy mines found in the Guam waters.

Lotz, Dave. Patrol Area 14. Bloomington: Xlibris, 2018. The definitive narrative of US Navy submarine patrols to the Mariana Islands in World War II. Describes all submarine patrols and provides listings of all Japanese warships and merchant ships sunk or damaged in these waters.

Love, Capt. Edmund G. The 27the Infantry Division in World War II. Nashville: Battery Press, 1982. Includes the 27th Infantry Division in the invasion of Saipan.

Lovdjieff, Crist S. A Sketch of the Marianas. San Francisco: Office of the Island Censor, 1945. A personal history of the people and the fighting on Saipan.

Luebke, Emilie E. Five Feet to the Gates of Hell. Self-published, Brillion, 2006. The personal story of Corporal Mark E. Peterik, USMC primarily of the battle for Saipan.

Lundstrom, John B. The First South Pacific Campaign: Pacific Fleet Strategy, December 1941-June 1942. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1976. Pre-war planning and the start of the war in the Pacific including the Japanese capture of Guam.

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Maga, Timothy P. Defending Paradise. New York: Garland Publishing Co., 1988. An examination of the relationship of Guam and the United States from the acquisition in 1898 until the early post-World War II period.

Manchester, William. Goodbye Darkness. New York: Dell, 1979. The author’s memoir of the war in the Pacific including Saipan and Guam.

Mansell, Roger. Captured: The Forgotten Men of Guam. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2012. The story of the Americans captured in Guam at the beginning of World War II during this incarnation for the duration of the war in Japan.

Marine Corps Combat Correspondents. Semper Fidelis. New York: William Sloane Associates, 1947. A collect of stories written by US Marine Corps combat correspondences with stories from Saipan, Guam, and Tinian.

Marek, Stephen. Laughter in Hell. Caldwell: Caxton Press, 1954. The experiences of two American prisoners of war in Japan with at least one, Technical Sergeant H. C. Nixon, USMC that was captured in Guam.

Marsden, Lt. Cmdr. Lawrence A., (SC) USN. Gemini Ship. Havenford: Infinity, 2002.  Describes the role of the attack transport  Doyen, APA-1, during World War II in the Pacific including the invasions of Saipan and Guam.

Marshall, Chester, ed. The Global 20th, Vol. I. Winona: Apollo Books, 1985.  Individual stories of the 20th Air Force includes from the Mariana Islands

Marshall, Chester, Lindsey Silvester, and Scotty Stalllings, eds. The Global 20th, Vol. III. Memphis: Global Press, 1988. Individual stories of the 20th Air Force includes from the Mariana Islands

Marshall, Chester, ed. The Global 20th, Vol. IV. Memphis: Global Press, 1992.  Individual stories of the 20th Air Force includes from the Mariana Islands

Marshall, Chester W., and Warren Thompson. Final Assault of the Rising Sun. North Branch: Specialty Press, 1995. B-29 crew stories of the air war over Japan most of which are originating from the Mariana Islands. 

Maruyama, Michiro. Anatahan. New York: Hermitage House, 1954. The history of the Japanese 21 men and one woman on Anatahan until rescued in 1951.

Masashi, Ito. The Emperor’s Last Soldiers. New York: Coward-McCann, 1967. The author’s story of the Japanese straggler in Guam, Ito Masashi, and his companions, until capture in 1960.

McClure, Glenn E. Guam Then and Now. Self-published, 1979. A brief historical review of wartime Guam with text and photographs in both English and Japanese.

McClure, Glenn E. Saipan Then and Now. Self-published, 1981. A brief historical review of wartime Saipan with text and photographs in both English and Japanese.

McClure, Glenn E. Tinian Then and Now. Self-published, 1977. A brief historical review of wartime Tinian with text and photographs in both English and Japanese.

McClain, S. Navajo Weapon. Boulder: Books Beyond Borders, 1994. The history of Marine Navajo Code Talkers on Saipan, Tinian, and Guam.

McFarland, Stephen L. Conquering the Night. Maxwell Air Force Base: Air Force History and Museums Program, 1994. The history of Army Air Force night fighters in the war including the role of P-61 to protect Saipan from Japanese intruders. 

Mead, Albert R. The Giant African Snail: A Problem in Economic Malacology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961. The invasive giant African snail’s introduction to the Mariana Islands presumable immediately pre-war to Saipan and in Guam during the war.

Mead, William B. Even the Browns. Chicago: Contemporary Books, 1978. A brief mention of baseball major league players games in the Mariana Islands in 1945.

Meehl, Gerald A. One Marine’s War. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2012. The story of Robert Sheeks, a US Navy Japanese interpreter on Tarawa, Saipan, and Tinian.

Meller, Norman. Saipan’s Camp Susupe. Honolulu: Center for Pacific Islands Studies, University of Hawai`i at Manoa, 1999. The history of the war time civilian internment camp on Saipan.

Meyers, Bruce E. Swift, Silent, and Deadly. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2004.  Provides detailed accounts of marine reconnaissance of the landing beaches on Saipan, Tinian, and Guam that occurred immediately prior to the invasions in the summer of 1944.

Meyers, Jeffery. Hemingway: A Biography. New York: Harper and Row, 1985. Brief mentions of Hemingway’s two stops at Guam on trip to and from China via Pan Am Clipper in February and May 1941. 

Michael, Lynne Jessup, ed. Memories and Music: The Japanese Era on Rota.  China: Art Path Press, 2019. An extensive collection of interviews, in both Chamorro and English, of residents of Rota during the war. There is also a collection of songs popular at the time in both Chamorro and English. CDs of both the interviews and music are included in the book.

Michno, Gregory F. USS Pampanito, Killer-Angel. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2000. The World War II patrols in the Pacific Ocean of the US Navy submarine Pampanito with the submarine’s first war patrol to the Mariana Islands.

Military Government Section. Camp Susupe. San Francisco: FPO, 1946. A photographic record, with limited text, of the civilian camps after the US invasion of Saipan.

Miller, Edward S. War Plan Orange. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1991. Provides considerable information of United States and Japan’s plans for the fortification and plans for the Mariana Islands. 

Miller, Lee G. The Story of Ernie Pyle. New York: Viking Press, 1950. The story of the beloved American war correspondent Ernie Pyle who spend some his overseas travels in the Mariana Islands.

Miller, Norman M. I Took the Sky Road. New York: Dodd, Mead and Co., 1945. The history of US Navy air squadron VB-109 and it’s commander, Commander Normal Miller, USN primarily operating from Saipan.

Mohri, Tsuneyuki. Rainbow over Hell. Nampa: Pacific Press Publishing Association, 2006. The story of Saburo Arakaki, a Japanese soldier, who survived the battle for Saipan in 1944 and the war.

Moore, Jeffrey M. Spies for Nimitz. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2004. The contributions of the US military’s Joint Intelligence Center, Pacific Ocean Areas toward the successful invasions of Saipan, Guam, and Tinian.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Vol. III, The Rising Sun in the Pacific. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1963. A section includes the Japanese capture of Guam in December 1941.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Vol. VIII, New Guinea and the Marianas. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1975. Provides extensive history on the US Navy’s role in the invasions of Saipan, Tinian, and Guam along with the naval Battle of the Philippine Sea and logistics for the Marianas campaign.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Vol. XII, Leyte. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1963. A reference that Guam and Saipan were utilized as logistic bases for the fleet support in the invasion of Leyte. 

Morison, Samuel Eliot. History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Vol. XIII, The Liberation of the Philippines. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1963. A reference to a fleet weather facility at Guam to support fleet operation for the liberation of the Philippines.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Vol. XIV, Victory in the Pacific. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1960. 1945 US Navy operations in the Pacific with operations from the Mariana Islands and the forward base in Guam for Admiral Nimitz, Commander in Chief, US Pacific Fleet and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas.

Morison, Samuel Eliot. History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Vol. XV, Supplement and General Index. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1962. Corrections to information dealing with prior volumes dealing with the loss of Guam in 1941 and the invasions of the Mariana Islands in 1944 along with brief mention of Guam in immediate post-war operations.

Morrison, Wilbur. Point of No Return. New York: Playboy Paperbacks, 1979. The history of B-29 missions from the Mariana Islands to Japan.

Murphy, Edward F. Heroes of WII. New York: Ballentine Books, 1990. The stories of US servicemen who earned their medal of Honors in the Mariana Islands.

Mushynsky, Julie. The Archaeology, History and Heritage of WWII Defenses in the Pacific. Switzerland: Springer, 2021. The history and usage of the karst topography of Saipan by the Japanese in the war.

Myers, Hugh H. Prisoner of War World War II. Portland: Metropolitan Press, 1965. The author’s story of a US Navy man being captured in Guam on 3 January 1942 and his ordeal as a prisoner of war for the rest of the war in Japan.

Myers, Ramon, and Mark R. Peattie, eds. The Japanese Colonial Empire, 1895-1945. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985. Includes a discussion of the Japanese colonial rule of Micronesia prior to the war.

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Nalty, Bernard C., John F. Shiner, and George M. Watson. With Courage, The US Army Air Forces in World War II. Washington: Air Force History and & Museum Program, 1994. Concise overviews of the major US Army Air Force commands in the war and their locations.

Nalty, Bernard C. The Right to Fight: African-American Marines in World War II. Washington: US Marine Corps, 1995. Includes a section of the Black Marines on Saipan, Tinian, and Guam.

Naval Air Transport Service. The Role of the Naval Air Transport Service in the Pacific War. Washington: Naval Air Transport Service, 1945. A review of the Naval Air Transportation Service in the Pacific during World War II inlcuding flights from Guam.

Naval Intelligence Division. Pacific Islands. Vol. IV, Western Pacific. Washington: Naval Intelligence Division, 1945. Extensive geographical information on the Mariana Islands.

Navy Bombing Squadron 117 Association. The Blue Raiders: VPB-117, 1944-1945, United States Navy. Navy Bombing Squadron 117 Association, 1984. Contains information of missions of missions flown from Tinian in 1944.

Neufeld, William. Slingshot Warbirds. Jefferson: McFarland & Co., Inc., 2003. The history of ship-borne seaplanes in World War II includes accounts of their use for observations and rescue.

Newcomb, Richard F. Abandon Ship!: The Death of the USS Indianapolis. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1976. The torpedoing and sinking of the US Navy heavy cruiser on a voyage from Guam to the Philippines on 29 July 1945.

Nez, Chester. Code Talker: The First and Only Memoir by One of the Original Navajo Code Talkers of WWII. New York: Dutton Caliber, 2012. The only memoir of one of the original Navajo Code Talkers in the Pacific war.

Nichols, David, ed. Ernie’s War. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1986. The compilation of Ernie Pyle’s reports as a war correspondent during the war including from Guam and Saipan.

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O’Brien, Cyril. Liberation: Marines in the Recapture of Guam. Washington: US Marine Corps, 1994. The 50th anniversary of World War II Marine Corps series booklet on Marines in the recapture of Guam. 

O’Brien, Francis A. Battling for Saipan. New York: Ballantine Books, 2003. The story of the US Army’s First battalion, 105th Infantry, 27th Infantry Division and its commanding officer, Lieutenant Colonel William J. O’Brien, and their battle on Saipan with details on the battle for Naftan Point and the Japanese suicide charge at Tanapag.

Office of Strategic Services, Far Eastern Section. Guam: A Social-Political-Economic Survey. Washington: Office of Strategic Services, 1942. A rather weak attempt to examine the local population attitude toward the United States shortly after the beginning of the war.

Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. Civil Affairs Handbook, Mandated Marianas Islands. PONAV 50E-8. Washington: US Navy Department, 1944. A comprehensive review of the Japanese Mariana Islands obtained from a wealth of sources.

Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. Fleet Air Wings and Fleet Airship Wings Historical Data World War II. Washington: Navy Department, 1951. A spread sheet of the assignment of naval aircraft squadrons in the Pacific during the war.

Office of the High Commissioner. Land Tenure Patterns, Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Volume 1. Hagåtña: Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, 1958. A review of land ownership and use in Micronesia with just the islands of Saipan, Tinian, and Rota included for the Mariana Islands.

O’Kane, Rear Admiral Richard H. Clear the Bridge!: The War Patrols of the USS Tang. Novato: Presidio Press, 1977. The chronology of the war patrols of the US Navy submarine Tang including the patrol of February 1944 to the waters off Saipan.

Okins, E.E. To Spy or Not to Spy. Chula Vista: Pateo Publishing Co., 1985. The Navy career of the author in the US Navy’s communications intelligence organization that includes information of being assigned to the Libugon Radio Station in Guam prior to the war.

Okkonen, Marc. USS Silversides SS236. Muskegon: USS Silversides & Maritime Museum, 1998.  A concise history of the war patrols of the submarine Silversides that includes the submarines ninth and tenth war patrols to the Mariana Islands.

Olano, M.A. Diary of a Bishop. Manila: University of Santo Tomas Press, 1949. The diary of the bishop of Guam that includes the invasion of Guam, his imprisonment, repatriation, and return at the end of the war.

Oliver, Douglas L., ed. Planning Micronesia’s Future. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1951. An extensive review of the economic survey of Micronesia by the United States Commercial Company including the Northern Mariana Islands.

O’Neill, Richard. Suicide Squads. London: Lansdowne Press, 1981. A section provides information on a Japanese Kaiten (manned torpedoes) unverified, attack on Apra Harbor Guam on 12 January 1945.

Orita, Zenji, and Joseph D. Harrington. I-boat Captain. Canoga Park: Major Books, 1976. The personal accounts of the author, the commanding officer of a Japanese submarine during the war that has accounts of Japanese submarine operating in the waters of the Mariana Islands. 

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Pacific Histories Map Co. Battlefield Map of Saipan, 1944, Japanese Mandated Islands. Saipan: Economic Service Counsel, Inc., 1986. A graphic map of Saipan overlaid with information of the battle for Saipan in June and July 1944.

Packard, Captain Wyman H. A Century of US Naval Intelligence. Washington: Department of the Navy, 1996. The history of the Office of Naval Intelligence including discussions regarding the Mariana Islands primarily regarding World War II.

Pacific STAR Center for Young Writers. We Drank Our Tears. Saipan: Pacific STAR Center, 2004. A wealth of the wartime survival of the indigenous Chamorro and Carolinians of Saipan and Tinian.

Palomo, Tony. An Island in Agony. Self-published, 1984. A detailed accounting of the Japanese occupation of Guam in World War II from a Chamorro perspective.

Parillo, Mark P. The Japanese Merchant Marine in World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1993. The history of the Japanese merchant marine in World War II that includes references to the Mariana Islands.

Paul, Doris A. The Navajo Code Talkers. Pittsburgh: Dorrance Publishing Co., 1998. Navajo Code Talkers in the war in the Pacific.

Peattie, Mark R. Nan’yo: The Rise and Fall of the Japanese in Micronesia, 1885-1945. Honolulu: University of Hawai`i Press, 1988. The recognized text of the history of Japan in Micronesia.

Peck, Dr. Bill. A Tidy Universe of Islands. Honolulu: Mutual Publishing Co., 1997. Includes an extensive history of the island of Rota during the war.

Pellet, Fr. Marcian. Memories of Guam Scenes During Wartime Internment in Japan. Mangilao: Micronesian Area Research Center, 1981. Prints by Father Pellet during his wartime internment in Japan where he was taken after capture at the beginning of World War II.

Petty, Bruce M. Saipan: Oral Histories of the Pacific War. Jefferson: McFarland, 2002. An extensive collection of oral histories from the people of Saipan of their wartime experiences.

Piccigallo, Philip R. The Japanese on Trial: Allied War Crimes Operations in the East, 1945-1951. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1979. Provides a summary of the war crimes trials held in Guam immediately after the war. 

Pierce, J.A., A.A. McKenzie, and R.H. Woodward. Loran, Long Range Navigation. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1948. Background on LORAN use on Saipan and Guam established immediately after the US seizure of the islands to primarily provide a navigation aide to the B-29s missions to Japan.

Pomeroy, Earl S. Pacific Outpost. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1951.  Written six years after the end of the war, the author examines the use of Guam as a military installation for the US policy in the Pacific as the author begins with the US acquisition of Guam in 1898 and continues until the early post-World War II period. 

Potter, Elmer B., and Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. Triumph in the Pacific: The Navy’s Struggle Against Japan. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1963. A history of the war in the Pacific including the Navy’s role in the campaign for the Mariana Islands.

Poyer, Lin, Suzanne Falgout, and Laurence M. Carucci. The Typhoon of War. Honolulu: University of Hawai`i Press, 2001. The history of the Pacific War from the perspective of the indigenous peoples of Micronesia.

Prados, John. Combined Fleet Decoded. New York: Random House, 1995. Includes a brief, but detailed, description of the MAGIC Station at Libugon, Guam and the crew’s destruction of equipment and their capture.

Pratt, Fletcher. The Marines’ War. New York: Sloan, 1948.  Detailed histories of the Marines’ invasion in the Pacific with considerable detail on the invasions of Saipan, Guam, and Tinian.

Prefer, Nathan N. The Battle for Tinian: Vital Stepping Stone in America’s War Against Japan. Philadelphia: Casemate, 2012.  Describes the US Marines’ invasion of Tinian in July 1944.

Price, Willard. Pacific Adventure. New York: Reynal and Hitchcock, 1936. In 1935 this American writer managed to travel through Japan controlled Micronesia including the Northern Mariana Islands with interesting observation in the period before the war.

Price, Willard. Japan’s Islands of Mystery. New York: John Day Co., 1944. A condensed wartime rewrite of Price’s pre-war journey through Japan controlled Micronesia. 

Proehl, Carl W., ed. The Fourth Marine Division in World War II. Washington: Infantry Journal Press, 1947. The history of the Fourth Marine Division in the Pacific during the war that includes the invasions of Saipan and Tinian.

Putney, Captain William W., USMC. Always Faithful. New York: Free Press, 2001. The personal history of a Marine as a dog handler featuring his involvement with the landing in Guam.

Pyle, Ernie. Last Chapter. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 1945. America’s favorite war correspondent’s articles from the Mariana Islands and then onto Okinawa prior to his death on the offshore island of Is Shima.

Pyle, Ernie. Reprinting of the “Fifteen Previously Unpublished” Articles of World War II. USS Cabot CVL-28 Association, 1987. News articles written by Ernie Pyle that were not published until 1965 includes several from Guam.

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Ramirez, Anthony J., ed. Freedom to Be. Tamuning: Fiestan Guam Committee, 1984. Contains a series of family history from Guam with their wartime experiences.

Resident Representative to the United States. Now for Then: The Marianas Marine Scouts. Saipan: Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Office of the Resident Representative to the United States, 2001. The story of the Saipanese who served with the US Marines after the invasion of their island until the end of the war.

Reynolds, Clark G. The Fast Carriers. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1992. The story of the US Navy’s and Royal Navy’s fast carrier in the Pacific War with considerable coverage to the Mariana Islands.

Rhodes, Richard. The Making of the Atomic Bomb. New York: Touchstone, 1986. The detailed history of the development of the atomic bomb by the United States that concludes with the final preparations for it’s use on Tinian.

Richard, Lt. Cmdr. Dorothy E. United States Naval Administration of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Vol. I, The Wartime Military Government Period, 1942-1945. Washington: Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, 1957. 

Richard, Lt. Cmdr. Dorothy E. United States Naval Administration of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Vol. II, The Postwar Military Government Era, 1945-1947. Washington: Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, 1957.

Richard, Lt. Cmdr. Dorothy E. United States Naval Administration of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Vol. III, The Trusteeship Period, 1947-1951. Washington: Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, 1957.

The official US Navy history of their governing Micronesia, less Guam, of the former Japanese South Seas Mandate comprising the Marshall, Caroline, and Mariana Islands.

Reed, Robert F. A Drop in the Bucket. Davenport: Fidlar Doubleday, 2000.  The author describes his military experiences with Marine Bombing Squadron 612 in the Pacific including being stationed at Kagman Field, Saipan.

Roberts, Michael D. Dictionary of American Naval Aviation Squadrons. Volume 2, The History of VP, VPB, VP(HL) and VP(AM) Squadrons. Washington: Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy, 2000.  The history of US Navy patrol squadrons, many of which were in the Mariana Islands in World War II.

Rogers, Robert F. Destiny’s Landfall. Honolulu: University of Hawai`i Press, 1995. An extensive history of the island of Guam with extensive information on World War II.

Roscoe, Theodore. United States Submarine Operations in World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1949. The first and somewhat official US Navy history of the Navy’s submarines in World War II that includes selections for the Mariana Islands and Naval Battle of the Philippine Sea.

Rottman, Gordon L. Guam 1941 & 1944. Oxford: Osprey, 2004. A heavily illustrated booklet of the Guam battle of 1941 and 1944.

Rottman, Gordon L. Saipan & Tinian 1944. Oxford: Osprey, 2004.  A heavily illustrated booklet of the Saipan and Tinian battles of 1944.

Rottman, Gordon L. US Marine Corps Pacific Theater of Operations 1943-1944. Oxford: Osprey, 2004. An extensively illustrated review of the US Marine Corps organization, tactics, weapons, equipment, command, and control of the Central pacific operations of the war.

Russ, Harlow W. Project Alberta: The Preparation of Atomic Bombs for Use in World War II. Los Alamos: Exceptional Books, 1984. A detailed history of the preparations for the delivery of the atomic bombs with considerable information of the events at North Field, Tinian.

Russell, Scott. Rising Sun Over the Northern Marianas: Life and Culture under the Japanese Administration. Saipan: CNMI Department of Education, 1983. A summary history of the Japanese rune of the Northern Mariana Islands.

Russell, Scott. From Arabwal to Ashes. Saipan: CNMI Department of Education, 1984. The history of Garapan Village on Saipan from 1918 to 1945.

Russell, Scott, and Michael A. Fleming. Historical Context: Japanese World War II Defensive Fortifications on Guam, 1941-1944. Agana: Guam Historic Preservation Office, 1989. A review of literature of the Japanese beach defenses in Guam.

Russell, Scott. Operation Forager, The Battle for Saipan. Saipan: Division of Historic Preservation, 1994. The 50th anniversary commemorative illustrated booklet of the invasion of Saipan in 1944 with a summary of the historic events. 

Russell, Scott. Tinian The Final Chapter. Saipan: Division of Historic Preservation, 1995. The 50th anniversary commemorative illustrated booklet of the invasion of Tinian in 1944 and the use of the atomic bomb delivered from the island with a summary of the historic events.

Russell, Scott. The Island of Rota. Saipan: Division of Historic Preservation, 2002. Provides a good concise history of wartime Rota.

Rust, Kenn. C. 7th Air Force Story … in World War II. Temple City: Historical Aviation Album, 1979. An extensive history of the 7th Air Force that flew missions initially to the Mariana Islands and later from the Mariana Islands.

Rust, Kenn C. 20th Air Force Story… in World War II. Temple City: Historical Aviation Album, 1990. An extensive history of the 20th Air Force including the missions to Japan in 1944 – 1945 from the Mariana Islands.

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Salaberria, Sister Maria Angelica. A Time of Agony, Saipan 1944. Mangilao: Micronesia Area Research Center, University of Guam, 1994. The personal account of Sister Maria Angelica in wartime Saipan.

Sanchez, Adrian. The Pentagon Cookbook. Tamuning: Star Press, 1990. A section is an autobiography of the retired US Navy master chief including his wartime service as a steward.

Sanchez, Pedro C. Uncle Sam, please come back to Guam. Tamuning: Pacific Publishing Co., 1979. A history of wartime Guam by a Chamorro who experienced the Japanese occupation.

Sanchez, Pedro C. Guahan, Guam, The History of Our Island. Agana: Sanchez Publishing House, 1998. A comprehensive history of the island with considerable documentation of the war.

Sankei Shimbun Fuji Terebi Tokubetsu Shuzaihan. The Last Japanese Soldier. London: Tom Stacey Ltd., 1972. Written immediately after the discovery of Shoichi Yokoi in the jungles of Talofofo Guam on 24 January 1972. 

Schultz, Duanne P. Wake Island: The Heroic Gallant Fight. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1978.  Includes the role of the Pan American Chamorro employees. 

Scutts, Jerry. Marine Mitchells. St. Paul: Phalanx Publishing Co., 1993. A chapter details the missions of Marine Bombing Squadron 612 (VMB-612) from Saipan.

77th Division Association. Our to Hold High. Washington: Infantry Journal Press, 1947. Includes the combat of the 77th Army Infantry Division in the assault in Guam.

Shaw, Henry J., Jr., Bernard C. Nalty, and Edwin T. Turnbladh. Central Pacific Drive. Washington: US Marine Corps, 1966. This official Marine Corps history includes considerable narration on the invasions of Saipan, Guam, and Tinian.

Shaw, Henry I., and Ralph W. Donnelly. Blacks in the Marine Corps. Washington: History and Museum Division, Headquarters, US Marine Corps, 1975. Has the history of the Black 7th Field Depot on Saipan including combat operations.

Sherman, Frederick C. Combat Command. New York: Dutton, 1950. Admiral Sherman, USN was commander of aircraft carriers on the Pacific during World War II and provides an account of the carrier war from his perspective that includes carrier warfare in the Mariana Islands.

Sherrod, Robert. On to Westward: The Battles of Saipan and Iwo Jima. New York: Duelle, Sloan, and Pearce, 1945. The author a battlefield correspondent for Time and Life describes his eyewitness coverage of the battles of Saipan and Iwo Jima.

Sherrod, Robert. History of Marine Corps Aviation in World War II. Baltimore: Nautical & Aviation Publishing Co. of America, 1987. A comprehensive history of the US Marine Corps aviation on the pacific during the war including missions to attack Rota from Guam.

Shinshichiro, Komamiya. Senji Yuso Sendan Shi (Wartime Transportation Convoys History). Tokyo: Shuppan Kuodosha, 1987. Written in Japanese.

Skates, John Ray. The Invasion of Japan. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1994. Provides information on the roll that the US bases and armed forces in Guam played in the proposed, but not executed, invasion of Japan before the war ended.

Skordiles, Kimon. The Seabees in War and Peace. California: Argus Communications, Inc., 1973. Seabees construction of bases in the Mariana Islands is stated along with individual Seabee battalion assignments.

Sloan, Bill. Their Backs Against the Sea. Boston: Da Capo Press, 2017. A battle narrative of the US invasion of Saipan with a brief overview of the invasion of Tinian.

Smith, Howland. Coral and Brass. Washington: Zenger Publishing Co., 1949. The autobiography of the wartime role of Marine Corps General Howland Smith who was commander of the invasion forces in the Mariana Islands including his version of the Smith vs. Smith controversy. 

Smith, Jim, and Malcolm McConnell. The Last Mission. New York: Broadway Books,  2002. The history and drama surrounding the last B-29 raid on Japan flown from Northwest Field in Guam on 14-15 August 1945.

Smith, Lawrence S. 9th Bombardment Group (VH) History. Princeton: 9th Bomb Group Association, 1995. The complete history of the group that was a unit of the 313th Bombardment Wing that flew B-29s from North Field on Tinian.

Smith, R. Harris. OSS: The Secret History of America’s First Central Intelligence Agency. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972. Includes a brief mention of an OSS radio station on Saipan in 1945 broadcasting to the Japanese home islands.

Smith, S.E., ed. The United States Marine Corps in World War II. Vol. II, Battering the Empire. New York: Ace Books, 1969. Provides accounts of Marine Corps fighting in the Mariana Islands. 

Snyder, Earl. General Leemy’s Circus. New York: Exposition Press, 1955. A navigator’s personal account of B-29 mission to Japan from Saipan.

Soder, Stephanie, and Jennifer McKinnon. It Rained Fire. Greenville: East Carolina University Foundation, 2019. Oral histories from the people of Saipan of their survival during the battle for the island.

Souder, Paul B. “Guam, Land Tenure in a Fortress.” In Land Tenure in the Pacific. Suva: University of the South Pacific, 1987. Souder contributed with an amply subtitled “land tenure in a fortress” in this compilation of Pacific nations and territories. 

Spight, Edwin L. Eagles of the Pacific: Consairways, Memories of an Air Transportation Service during World War II. Temple City: Historical Aviation Album, 1980. Personal memories of events with the US Navy’s Air Transportation Service in World War II Including reference to Guam.

Spoehr, Alexander. Saipan, The Ethnology of A War-Devastated Island. Chicago: Chicago Natural History Museum, 1954. Dr. Spoehr conducted extensive research on Saipan in 1949 to 1950 regarding the war’s impacts on the indigenous people of the island.

Staff of the Ninth Marines. The Ninth Marines. Washington: Infantry Journal Press, 1946. The history of one of the Marine regiments that landed at Asan Beach on 21 July 1944.

Stafford, Edward P. The Big E. New York: Random House, 1962. The classic World War II history of the US Navy aircraft carrier Enterprise with narrations of the carrier and air crew’s missions in the Mariana Islands in the summer of 1944.

Stanaway, John C. Vega Ventura: The Operational Story of Lockheed’s Lucky Star. Atglen: Schiffer Bob, 1996. Stories of Navy squadrons with the PV-1, Vega Ventura, including operations regarding the Mariana Islands.

Star Press. Ecce Sacerdos Magnus. Agana, 1970. The biography of Bishop Felixberto Flores of Agana, Guam who spent the war in Manila, Philippines.

Stauffer, Alvin P. The Quartermaster Corps: Operations in the War Against Japan. Washington: Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army, 1956. Provides a general over view of logistics of the Quartermaster Corps of the US Army in the Pacific during the war.

Stearns, Harold T. Memoirs of a Geologist. Honolulu: Hawai`i Institute of Geophysics, 1983. The author describes his visit to Guam in 1937 and his wartime work in the Mariana Islands in the field of water resources. 

Steele, Theodore Manning. A Pictorial Record of the Combat Duty of Patrol Bombing Squadron One Hundred Nine in the Western Pacific, 20 April 1945-15, August 1945. New York: General Offset Co., 1946. Primarily a photo book of the history of US Navy Patrol Squadron 109 including some missions flown from Tinian.

Steere, Edward, and Thayer M. Boardman. Final Disposition of Word War II Dead. Washington: Historical Branch, Office of the Quartermaster General, 1957. The official detailed history of locating and final burial of US service men from World War II 

Stephenson, Rebecca A., and Darlene Moore. Freshwater Use Customs on Rota: An Exploratory Study. Mangilao: University of Guam, 1980. Contains information on wartime Rota.

Sterner, Captain Doris M., NC USN (Ret.) In and out of Harm’s Way, A History of the Navy Nurse Corps. Seallte: Peanut Butter Publishing, 1996. Features the five US Navy nurses captured in Guam in December 1941 and later after the invasions of the Mariana islands in 1944, the nurses assigned to the Navy hospitals and air evacuation flights to the islands.

Sternlicht, Sanford. McKinley’s Bulldog: The Battleship Oregon. Chicago: Nelson-Hall, 1977. The Spanish-American War US Navy battleship Oregon last role was as a hull anchored off Merizo, Guam as a storage vessel for ammunition at the end of the World War II.

Steward, William H. Saipan in Flames. Saipan: Economic Service Counsel, 1993. An illustrated history of wartime Saipan.

Stewart, William H. Battlefield Map of Tinian-1944. Saipan: Economic Service Counsel, 2004. A map of Tinian with notes of the war on the island.

Stinnett, Robert B. George Bush, His War Years. Washington: Brassey’s, 1992. Future US President Bush was a Navy pilot assigned to the carrier San Jacinto with Torpedo Squadron 51 (VT-51) and assigned missions to support the invasion of Saipan in June 1944.

Stott, Capt. Frederic A. Saipan Under Fire. Andover: Stott, 1945. A limited private printing by the author accounts of his unit, the 1st Battalion, 24th Marines, 4th Marine Division, in the invasion of Saipan.

Subcommittee of the Golden Salute Committee. Liberation-Guam Remembers: A Golden Salute for the 50th Anniversary of the Liberation of Guam. Maite: Guam 50th Liberation Committee, 1994. The commemorative booklet for the 50th liberation of Guam celebration that contains extensive historical information of the event.

Sullivan, Julius. The Phoenix Rises. New York: Seraphic Mass Association, 1957. The history of the Catholic Church in Guam with emphasis of recovery after World War II.

Swisher, Earl. Pacific Islands, A Group of Papers on Post-War Problems of the Islands of the Pacific. Boulder: Pacific Islands Conference, 1946. Includes an article on American Bases and American Policy – Pacific Ocean Area.

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Tachovsky, Joseph, and Cynthia Kraack. 40 Thieves on Saipan: The Elite Marine Scout-Snipers in One of WWII’s Bloodiest Battles. Washington: Regnery History, 2020. The history of an elite Marine unit during the US invasion of Saipan. 

Taijeron, Vicente. No Man’s World. Hicksville: Exposition Press, 1974. The personal experiences of a US Navy enlisted man from Guam in World War II including surviving the sinking of the Lexington, Hornet, and Northampton. 

Thomas, Gordon, and Max Morgan-Witts. Enola Gay: Mission to Hiroshima. Loughborough: White Owl Press Ltd., 1995. A detailed history with abundant photographs of the mission of dropping the first wartime atomic bomb by the B-29 Enola Gay of the 509th Composite Group based at North Field on Tinian targeting the Japanese home island city of Hiroshima.

Thomas, Gordon, and Max Morgan Witts. Enola Gay. New York: Stein and Day, 1977. The detailed history of events leading up to, the event, and aftermath of the B-29 Enola Gay, that dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima on 6 August 1945.

Thomas, James O. Trapped with the Enemy. Bloomington: Xlibris, 2002. A civilian employee of Pan Am Airways writes of his experiences on pre-way Guam, his capture, and life as a prisoner of war in Japan. 

Thompson, Laura. Beyond the Dream: A Search for Meaning. Mangilao: Micronesian Area Research Center, University of Guam, 1991. The noted anthropologist Laura Thompson’s life, in her own words, with a concise perspective in Guam before, during, and after the war.

Thompson, Laura. Guam and its People. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1947. An extensive review of life in Guam just prior to the war by the noted anthropologist. This third edition was revised to include a preface by the author noting the drastic wartime changes to the island.

Tibbets, Paul W. Return of the Enola Gay. Columbus: Mid Coast Marketing, 1998. The autobiography of the pilot of the Enola Gay.

Tillman, Barrett. Clash of the Carriers. New York: Caliber, 2005.  A detailed history of the battle of the Philippine Sea, the Marianas Turkey Shoot.

Toland, John. The Rising Sun. New York: Random House, 1970. A classic history of the wartime Japanese Empire from 1936 to its demise in 1945, including accounts of wartime Mariana Islands.

Toll, Ian W. The Conquering Tide. New York: Norton, 2015. Focusing on the US Navy’s battles of the Central Pacific from the Solomon Islands in August 1942 and the Marshall Islands in November 1943 westward the Battle of the Philippine Sea in June 1944.

Toll, Ian W. Twilight of the Gods. New York: Norton, 2020. An account of the final year of the war in the Pacific from September 1944 until the end including the use of the Mariana Islands in the war effort.

Torres, Jose M. The Massacre at Atate. Mangilao: Richard F. Taitano Micronesia Area Research Center, University of Guam, 2015. Writing from his own involvement, the author describes the successful rebellion of Chamorros from Merizo against the Japanese in July 1944.

Tweed, George R., and Blake Clark. Robinson Crusoe, USN. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1945. The original book of the lone US Navy holdout in Guam, George Tweed, essential written by Blake Clark. Subsequent editions have expanded with additional information by additional writers and editors, primarily by D. Turner Givens in 1994.

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Ugaki, Admiral Matome. Fading Victory: The Diary of Admiral Matone Ugaki. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1991. A leading Japanese admiral’s diary includes extensive diary entries from the summer of 1944 when the southern Mariana Islands were invaded and the naval Battle of the Philippine Sea.

United States Bureau of Yards and Docks. Building the Navy’s Bases in World War II. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1947. A two volume set details the wartime construction of US Navy. Volume II details construction of advanced (overseas) based with details on the Mariana Islands.

United States Commercial Company. Economic Survey of Micronesia. Honolulu: University of Hawai`i Press, 1971. The extensive immediate post-war US government survey of Micronesia which includes subjects of agriculture, environmental, and anthropology in addition to economy.

United States Far East Command. The Central Pacific Operational Record, Vol. 1. Japanese Monograph no. 48. Washington: Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army, 1946. Number 48 of 185 operational histories, written by Japanese officers for the United States Far East Command in Tokyo, includes detailed information on the Japanese seizure of Guam in 1941.

United States Far East Command. Outline of Operations Prior to Termination of War and Activities Connected with the Cessation of Hostilities. Japanese Monograph No. 119. Washington: Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army, 1945. Number 48 of 185 operational histories, written by Japanese officers for the United States Far East Command in Tokyo, includes plans for operation “Ken” for July 1945 to land Japanese aircraft with men on board at US airfields in the Mariana Islands to destroy B-29s. “Ken” did not take place.

United States Far East Command. Homeland Defense Naval Operations, Part II. Japanese Monograph No. 123. Washington: Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army, 1950. Number 123 of 185 operational histories, written by Japanese officers for the United States Far East Command in Tokyo, has limited plans for 1945 operations “Ken”, to land Japanese aircraft with men on board at US airfields in the Mariana Islands to destroy B-29s, and “Retsu”, to attack Mariana Island airfields with “Ginga” bombers specially equipped with machine guns in the lower fuselages. 

United States Far East Command. Homeland Defense Naval Operations, Part III. Japanese Monograph No. 124. Washington: Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army, 1950. Number 124 of 185 operational histories, written by Japanese officers for the United States Far East Command in Tokyo, contains information on reconnaissance and attack plans at the US airfields in the southern Mariana Islands with seven attacks taking place from November 1944 to January 1945 to Tinian and Saipan.

United States Far East Command. Outline of Operations of the Navy’s South Sea Force (from December 1941 to March 1942) and General Situation of Military Installations. Japanese Monograph No. 139. Washington: Office of the Chief of Military History, Department of the Army, 1949. Number 139 of 185 operational histories, written by Japanese officers for the United States Far East Command in Tokyo, has limited information on the operation to capture Guam in December 1941.

United States Fleet Headquarters of the Commander in Chief. Battle Experience: Supporting Operations for the Capture of the Mariana Islands (Saipan, Guam and Tinian), June – August 1944. Washington: Navy Department, 1944. Official US Navy internal report and assessment of operations to capture the Southern Mariana Islands.

United States General Accounting Office. Environmental Contamination: Cleanup Actions at Formerly Used Defense Sites. GAS-01-1212SP. Washington: US General Accounting Office, 2001. Includes sites in the Mariana Islands that resulted from US actions in World War II.

United States Navy Bureau of Medicine and Surgery.The History of the Medical Department of the United States in World War II. Washington: US Government Printing Office, 1953. Provides information on Navy medical support and hospitals in the Mariana Islands.

United States Navy Pacific Fleet. The Surrender and Occupation of the Japanese Empire. Oahu: CINCPAC-CONCPOA, 1946. The detailed report of the surrender of Japanese forces including Rota, Pagan, and Aguijan along with the return of the Japanese from the Mariana Islands to the home islands of Japan.

United States Navy Pacific Fleet. “Operation Roll-up”: The History of Surplus Property Disposal in the Pacific Ocean. Pearl Harbor: US Navy Pacific Fleet Commander Service Force, 1948. The disposal of military equipment including in the Mariana Islands.

United States 94th Naval Construction Battalion. Pacific Duty, 94th. San Francisco: 94th Naval Construction Battalion, 1945. Features this unit of the Seabees in Guam during the war.

United States Strategic Bombing Survey. The Air Transport Command in the War Against Japan. Washington: US Government Printing Office, 1946. Includes a general overview of the Army Air Forces Air Transportation Command in the Mariana Islands.

United States Strategic Bombing Survey. Interrogations of Japanese Officials. Report 72. Washington: US Government Printing Office, 1946. Includes interview with Japanese officers regarding air operations in the Mariana Islands in 1944.

United States Strategic Bombing Survey. Japanese Military and Naval Intelligence. Report 97. Washington: US Government Printing Office, 1946. Includes a general overview of operations in the Mariana Islands.

United States Strategic Bombing Survey. The 7th and 11th Air Forces in the War Against Japan. Report 70. Washington: US Government Printing Office, 1947. Includes a concise summary of operations in the Mariana Islands in 1944.

United States Strategic Bombing Survey. The Strategic Air Operation of Very Heavy Bombardment in the War Against Japan. Report 66. Washington: US Government Printing Office, 1946. Summarizes 20th Air Force missions against Japan from the Mariana islands in 1944 and 1945.

Urwin, Gregory J.W. Facing Fearful Odds: The Siege of Wake Island. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997. Contains very brief mention of the Chamorro employees of Pan Am Airways on the island.

V, W, X, Y, Z

Vanderbreggen, Cornelius, Jr. Letters of a Leatherneck. Self-published, Lafayette Hill, 1948. Letter from a Marine 2nd Lieutenant.

Wells, Arthur W. The Quack Corps. Chino: DolArt Published, 1992. A personal history of a Designed Utility All-Wheel Drive Dual-tandem rear axles (DUKW) amphibious vehicle unit of the US Marine Corps in World War II including events on Saipan and Tinian.

Werrell, Kenneth P. Blankets of Fire. Washington: Smithsonian, 1996. A comprehensive account of primarily B-29 bombing missions over Japan essentially from bases on Saipan, Tinian, and Guam.

Weyher, Kurt. The Black Raider. London: Elek Books, 1955. The successful voyage of the German Navy raider Orion from March 1940 until August 1941. The Orion spent time at Maug in January and February 1941 receiving supplies from German ships and accomplishing repairs.

Wheeler, Richard. A Special Valor: The US Marines and the Pacific War. New York: Harper and Row, 1983. A comprehensive history of the US Marine in the Pacific War with extensive coverage of the invasions of Saipan, Guam, and Tinian in the summer of 1944, but barely a mention of the marines surrender at Guam on 10 December 1941.

Williford, Glen. Racing the Sunrise. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press., 2010. Describes the late 1941 efforts of the US military to reinforce the US military in the Western Pacific just before the beginning of the war.

Willoughby, Malcomb F. The US Coast Guard in World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press., 1957. Detailed coverage of LORAN in the Mariana Islands and Coast Guard manned ships in the invasions of the Southern Mariana Islands.

Winton, John. Ultra in the Pacific. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press., 1993. An accounting on how the US Navy broke the Japanese codes and ciphers during the war. A short chapter describes these efforts in the Battle of the Philippine Sea.

Woodbury, David O. Builders for Battle: How the Pacific Naval Air Bases Were Constructed. New York: E.P. Dutton and Co., Inc., 1946. An overview of air base construction in the Mariana Islands during the war and includes a review of Navy construction in Guam just prior to the war.

Woodridge, E.T., ed. Carrier Warfare in the Pacific. Washington: Smithsonian Institute Press, 1993. Includes stories of rescues of carrier air crews at the Mariana Islands.

Wyder, Peter. Day One. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1984. A review of operations for delivery of the atomic bombs from Tinian.

Yaffe, Bertram A. Fragments of War: A Marine’s Personal Journey. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1999. The memoirs of a Marine Corps officer in the pacific War with an account of his time in the Guam invasion.

Yanaihara, Tadao. Pacific Islands under Japanese Mandate. Oxford University Press. London, 1940. Sponsored by the Japanese Council of the Institute of Pacific Relations in 1932 and subsequently issued by the Japanese South Seas Government, this publication provides an overview of the social and economic conditions of the Japanese Mandated Islands shortly prior to the beginning of World War II in the Pacific.

Y’Blood, William T. Red Sun Setting. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1981. The detailed history of the Battle of the Philippine Sea, the Marianas Turkey Shoot.

Y’Blood, William T. The Little Giants. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1987. The history of the US Navy’s escort carriers in the war against Japan including their use in support of the invasions of the Mariana Islands.

Zenji, Abe. The Emperor’s Sea Eagle. Honolulu: Arizona Memorial Museum Association, 2006. The autobiography of one of Japan’s leading naval aviator featuring his time stranded on Rota from 1944 until the end of the war.

Technical and Reference Books

Abbott, Agatin T., E. Alison Kay, and Charles H. Lamoureau. Natural Landmarks Survey of the Islands of the Pacific. Honolulu: University of Hawai`i, 1982.  The detailed study of geological features and the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems of the United States territories and possessions in the Pacific of the United States for the Natural natural Landmark program of the National Park Service.

Alden, John D., and Craig R. McDonald. United States and Allied Submarine Successes in the Pacific and Far East During World War II. Jefferson and London: McFarland, 2009. The comprehensive listing and analysis of all US Navy and Allied successful attacks (claimed sunk and damaged in the Pacific during World War II. 

American Institute of Architects, Guam and Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Chapter. Guidebook to the Architecture of Guam. Hagåtña: American Institute of Architects, 1990. A comprehensive review of Guam’s evolving architecture from pre-contact into the 1970s.

Bureau of Naval Personnel, Standards and Curriculum Division. The Fleet Type Submarine. Washington: Commander, Submarine Force Atalantic, 1946. A comprehensive technical review of the US Navy’s fleet submarines at the end of the war featuring USS Perch, SS-313, Balao-class.

Carpenter, Dorr, and Norman Polmar. Submarines of the Imperial Japanese Navy. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1986. A detailed technical reference to Japanese submarines of World War II.

Cea, Eduardo. Japanese Military Aircraft, Aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Land-based aviation, 1929-1945 (I). Valaldolid: AF Editions, 2008. A comprehensive review of Japanese naval aircraft with abundant illustrations. While the title states land-based aircraft, the publication covers carrier aircraft.

Cea, Eduardo. Japanese Military Aircraft, Aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy, Land-based aviation, 1929-1945 (II). Valaldolid: AF Editions, 2010. A comprehensive review of Japanese naval aircraft with abundant illustrations. While the title states land-based aircraft, the publication primarily covers carrier aircraft.

Cressman, Robert J. The Official Chronology of the US Navy in World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2000. The definitive chronology of US Navy events in World War II.

Daugherty, Leo. J., III. Fighting Techniques of a US Marine. Osceola: MBI Publishing, 2000.  A detailed review of the training, techniques, and weapons of the US Marines in World War II combat.

Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air Warfare). United States Naval Aviation, 1910-1980. Washington: Government Printings Office, 1981. An extensive history of US Navy aviation from 1910 to 1980.

Dunningan, James F., and Albert A. Nofi. Victory at Sea. New York: William Morrow and Co., 1995. An extensive study primarily of the elements of the war encompassing the ships, aircraft, land and sea warfare, logistics, and policy.

Evans, David C., and Mark R. Peattie. Kaigun. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1997.  An extensive analysis of the Imperial Japanese Navy’s strategy, tactics, and technology form its origin in 1887 to the beginning of the war with the United States in 1941.

Francillon, Rene. Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1970. An extensive survey, history, and analysis of the aircraft of the Japanese Army and Navy throughout the Pacific War.

Hammel, Eric. Air War Pacific. Pacifica: Pacifica Press, 1998. An extensive chronology US aerial combat against Japan in the East Asian and Pacific during the war.

Hata, Ikuhiko, and Yasuho Izawa. Japanese Naval Aces and Fighter Units In World War II. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1989. Translated from the Japanese original, has the history of Imperial Japanese Navy fighter units during World War II along with the background of Japanese Naval aces.

Karolle, Bruce G. Atlas of Micronesia. Hagåtña: Guam Publications Inc., 1987. A basic geographical atlas of Micronesia.

Kimmett, Larry, and Margaret Regis. US Submarines in World War II. Seattle: Navigator Publishing, 1986. A basic overview of the US Navy Submarines and their history in World War II.

Lotz, David. World War II Remnants. Honolulu: Arizona Memorial Museum Association, 1998. The guide to primarily World War II features that still exist in the Mariana Islands.

Lowder, Hughston E. The Silent Service. Baltimore: Silent Service Books, 1987. Concise summaries of all US Navy submarine patrols in World War II.

Milton, Keith M. Subs Against the Rising Sun. Las Cruces: Yucca Tree, 2000. A listing of all US Navy World War II submarines with their war patrols.

Mondey, David. The Concise Guide to American Aircraft of World War II. Edison: Chartwell Books, 1994. An excellent listing of all American aircraft of the war with a wealth of technical information. 

Mondey, David. The Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II. Rushden: Temple Press, 1984. An excellent listing of all German, Italian, and Japanese aircraft of the war with a wealth of technical information. 

Morison, Samuel Eliot. The Two-Ocean War. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1963. The US Navy’s World War II historian’s one volume history of the Navy in the war.

Mushynsky, Julie. The Archaeology, History and Heritage of WWII Karst Defenses in the Pacific. Switzerland: Springer, 2021. An analysis of the Japanese defense structures utilizing the limestone karst topography of primarily Saipan. 

Naval Institute Press. Allied Landing Craft of World War Two. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1985. Illustrations and descriptions of all allied lancing craft of World War II.

Navy Department. Handbook on the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Washington: Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, 1948. An extensive background information of the Trust Territory of the Pacific islands published by the Navy Department promptly after the end of the war. The Navy Department managed the Trust Territory at the end of the war.

Navy Department. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Vols. 1 to 8. Washington: Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, Naval History Division, 1959-1981. The history of US Navy ships as an essential history of the ships involved in the Mariana Islands in World War II.

Noma, Hisashi. Japanese Merchant Ships at War. Self-published, Tokyo, 2002. The story of Mitsui and OSK liners lost during the Pacific war.

Peattie. Mark R. Sunburst. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 2001. The history of the Japanese Navy’s development of airpower prior to the start of World War II.

Potter, Elmber B., Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, and E.B. Potter. The Great Sea War. New York: Bramhall, 1960.  A concise history of World War II at sea.

Rottman, Gordon L. World War II Pacific Island Guide. Westport: Greenwood Press, 2002. A comprehensive guide to the Pacific islands and bases of World War II.

Rottman, Gordon L. Japanese Pacific Island Defenses 1941-45. Oxford: Osprey, 2003. A systematic review of Japanese island defensive doctrine and fortifications.

Silverstone, Paul. The Navy of World War II 1922-1947. New York: Routledge, 2008.  A comprehensive history and description of all the US Navy and US Coast Guard ships from 1922 to 1947 focusing on World War II.

Stille, Mark. Imperial Japanese Navy Antisubmarine Escorts 1941-45. Oxford: Osprey, 2017. An illustrated review of the uses, weapons, and classes of the Japanese anti-submarine warfare ships of World War II.

Stille, Mark E. The Imperial Japanese Navy in the Pacific War. Oxford: Osprey, 2014. A comprehensive review of the classes of aircraft carriers, battleships, cruisers, destroyers, and submarines of the war along with a brief history of their use and analysis.

Swanborough, Gordon, and Peter M. Bowers. United States Navy Aircraft since 1911. London: Putnam, 1976. A comprehensive review of US Navy aircraft from 1911 to the 1960s.

Talbot-Booth, Lieutenant Commander E.C., R.N.R. Merchant Ships 1942. London: Sampson Low, 1942. The detailed reoccurring listing of merchant ships of the world by nationality.

Tillman, Barrett. US Navy Fighter Squadrons in World War II. North Branch: Specialty Press, 1997. A detailed listing of the US Navy’s fighter squadrons in World War II including their chronologies, deployments, and combat records.

United States Army Air Force. The Official Guide to the Army Air Force. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1944.  A comprehensive war time background of the US Army Air Force organization, training, aircraft, logistics, and the battlefield.

United States Naval Institute. The Bluejackets Manual. Annapolis: United States Navy, 1940. The basic handbook for all US naval personnel. Wartime issues in 1940, 1943, and 1944. Provides essential information on all basic information to be know by all personnel about the US Navy and shipboard life.

United States War Department. Handbook on Japanese Military Forces. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1991. Provides comprehensive information of Japanese Army personnel, tactics, and equipment.

Watts, A.J., and B.G. Gordon. The Imperial Japanese Navy. Garden City: Doubleday, 1971.  A comprehensive of the ships of the Imperial Japanese Navy from the 1870s until the end of World War II.

Bibliography

Brunal-Perry, Omaira, and Rosa Sigrah. Guide to the Documents Compiled for the Guam War Claims Review Commission 2003 – 2004. Mangilao: Richard Flores Taitano Micronesia Area Research Center, University of Guam, 2004.

Controvich, James T. The Central Pacific Campaign, 1943-1944: A Bibliography. Westport: Meckler, 1990. 

Hatanaka, Sachiko. A Bibliography of Micronesia Compiled from Japanese Publications 1915 – 1945. Tokyo: Research Institute for Oriental Cultures, Gakushuin University, 1977.

Compiled by Dave Lotz

Editor’s Note: The intent of this bibliography is to provide a broad collection of published books on the subject of World War II in the Mariana Islands, including pre and post war books for a good understanding of the events and impacts. It excludes ebooks, children’s books, and most works of fiction. By necessity, journal and magazine articles are not included. Not all personal reflections of servicemen are included, but those essential to tell the scope of the history are. The attempt is to include published works on the subject and a limited inclusion of broad histories of the War in the Pacific and only histories of other components of the war when those stories are not captured in the island histories.