• In 1972 Fracassini and his rock band were hired at the newly opened Okura Hotel on Guam.

Roberto Fracassini/Guam Humanities Council
  • Joaquin "Ding" playing at a birthday party with some of the islands best musicians in the earlier 1950s.

Forrest Harris/Guam Humanities Council
  • Trumpet player Benito Bautista who also plays flute, marimba and vibes, played with Pianist Nick Abelardo when Bautista first came to Guam.

Nito Bautista/Guam Humanities Council
  • Mico and Stevie Scott, jazz musicians on Guam, are the authors of "Jazz on Guam . . . an Oral History," a Guam Humanities Council project.

Grant Paul/Guam Humanities Council
  • In 1962, a local band known as the “The Downbeats” formed. They played music similar to the style of "Tiajuana Brass."

Norbert Tydingco/Guam Humanities Council
  • The new band Compadres has family members and friends playing along side a few original members.

Ana San Nicolas
  • A few of the original members are in the new band and play alongside their younger band mates.

Ana San Nicolas
  • Carlos C. Laguana surrounded by musicians.

Ana Laguana/Guam Humanities Council
  • Carlos C. Laguana played at various parties and events with the best musicians on island.

Forrest Harris/Guam Humanities Council
  • Carlos T. Laguana, following in the footsteps of his father, Carlos C. Laguana, became a bassist. Laguana studied the bass at Berkeley College of Music in Boston and has been teaching band.

Telophoto/Guam Humanities Council
  • At a young age Carlos T. Laguana, son of Carlos C. Laguana, began playing in bands at parties.

Andy Laguana/Guam Humanities Council
  • A solo image of a young Carlos T. Laguana, son of bassist Carlos C. Laguana.

Andy Laguana/Guam Humanities Council
  • Musician Bill Muna and his horn.

Tina Muña Barnes/Guam Humanities Council
  • Bill Muña and his band playing at a club the night before typhoon Karen.

Tina Muña Barnes/Guam Humanities Council
  • Bill Muna, center, formed the Bill Muna Band in the early 1960s and played with many noted Chamorro musicians such as Peter Muna, Pete Bautista, Linda Guerrero, Jesse Baleto, Fred Guerrero and Louie Gombar.

Tina Muña Barnes/Guam Humanities Council
  • Forrest Harris in “The 5 Locals,” a band he started after spending five years with the military in the late 1950's.

Forrest Harris
  • Forrest Harris performing at a birthday party in 1955.

Forrest Harris
  • Louie Gombar playing the vibes on set with Forrest Harris.

Forrest Harris/Guam Humanities Council
  • Pete, Benito, Nito, and Ray Bautista at the Guam Humanities Council's Jazz event in 2005.

Mico and Steven Scott/Guam Humanities Council
  • The Frank Franquez Band was a crowd pleaser.

Joey Franquez/Guam Humanities Council
  • The Frank Franquez Band was a popular group due to their ability to play American style music.

Joey Franquez/Guam Humanities Council
  • Ankie Franquez began to play the harmonica in the 1930s for a contest, but then fully developed as a musician.

Danny Perez/Guam Humanities Council
  • Joaquin "Ding" Palomo played the rhythm and lead guitar. In this photo he is playing in the Tommy Iglesias Band in the early 1950's.

Ana Palomo/Guam Humanities Council
  • Guam Humanities Council
  • Jose Gumabon Sr. nurtured musical talent in his eight children and a nephew. They performed at parties during the 1940s and 1950s.

Ana Laguana/Guam Humanities Council
  • Jose Gumabon formed a stringed orchestra with his sons and close friends to play at parties, weddings, christenings, and other functions.

Ana Laguana/Guam Humanities Council
  • In the 1950's Norbert Tydingco was a teen and would often watch bands play at clubs through a window, but sometimes musician Nito Bautista would sneak Tydingco into the club.

Nito Bautista/Guam Humanities Council
  • Louie Gombar playing with the Bill Muna Band night before typhoon Karen in 1961.

Senator Tina Muña Barnes/Guam Humanities Council
  • In 1970, Norbert Tydingco helped form the group, 'Chamorri' and attempted to play rock.

Norbert Tydingco/Guam Humanities Council
  • From left to right is Tom Guzman, Bill Muna, Norbert Tydingco, and Fred Leon Guerrero.

Sen. Tina Muña Barnes/Guam Humanities Council
  • Norbort Tydingco "Mr. Smooth" was lead guitarist for the 1970's band "Chamorri."

Pat Gumabon Sablan/Guam Humanities Council
  • Norbert Tydingco is best known for playing the smoothest chord progressions in the local jazz arena earning for himself the nickname “Mr. Smooth.”

Nito Bautista/Guam Humanities Council
  • The group "Chamorri" was formed in the 1970's with Norbert Tydingco as the lead guitarist.

Pat Guamabon Sablan/Guam Humanities Council
  • Palomo poses for the camera with his arm around his mother, Ana Sablan Palomo.

David Castro/Guahan Magazine
  • Guam's most talented musicians perform during the 2007 Jazz Appreciation Month held at Skinner Plaza, Hagåtña. The music event was sponsored by the Guam Humanities Council.

Guam Humanities Council
  • Accomplished local jazz musicians give high school students tips during a music workshop. These events were part of the Guam Humanities Council-sponsored Jazz Appreciation Month activities.

Guam Humanities Council
  • The US Naval government introduced American music such as Jazz and band ensembles, influencing Chamorro music of the time.

Guam Territorial Band/Guam Humanities Council

View the images for the Jazz entry here.

Swiftly touched listening audiences

Innovative American art form

Jazz is a unique style of modern music. Remnants of jazz can be heard in several different styles of music. The origin of jazz is said to date back to the African-American experience that emerged in the early 20th century. Since then, it has evolved into what many now consider to be one of the most popular and innovative styles of music.

Much of early jazz was a combination of Ragtime and Blues (1900-1919), which evolved into the Swing and Big Band eras (1920s – 1950s). According to some early jazz musicians, Be-Bop (1940s) began, in part, as an “offshoot” of Swing musicians frustrated with the excessive Big Band refinement and ‘filtering.’

The Western Pacific rim was not at all immune to the musical influence of jazz before and after the liberation of Guam by the United States in 1944. Although there is a lack of written historical data to determine when jazz actually emerged on Guam, it is believed that local musicians were more than likely exposed to jazz due to the US military presence on the island prior to World War II.

As jazz swiftly touched listening audiences around the world, Guam’s jazz-listening audience grew a bit more slowly. In near contrast, there seems to have always been a remnant understanding of appreciation for this style of music on Guam. That remnant resides within the ranks of Guam’s local musicians.

It should be noted that jazz musicians on Guam, more often than not, are not solely jazz artists. Guam has been a melting pot of several different cultures for many years. The music listened to by local musicians varies from Latin, to Big Band, Country and Western, Jazz, Rock, Rhythm and Blues, Calypso, and several other styles.

The introduction of jazz on Guam: 1940s – 1950s

Guitarist and bassist Greg Tenorio, explained that the popular music style before World War II was mostly jazz and very little blues. Guam’s early jazz musicians played stringed instruments such as the banjo, ukulele, violin and guitar. Later, they were introduced to the wind instruments through the Navy Band. Johnny Chaco was one of the first musicians on Guam to form a band utilizing wind instruments.

Guitarist Norberto “Norbert” Tydingco said that the music that filtered out to the local people from the military was Glenn Miller and the old Big Band sounds of the 1930s and 1940s.

Guitarist Forrest Harris and others who were in their teens or early to mid-20s before World War II, including Patrick Palomo’s father, Joaquin or ‘Ding’ as he was called, Carlos Laguåña’s father, Carlos C. Laguana, John Blas, Jr.’s father, John Blas Sr., Joey Franquez’ father, Frank or ‘Ankie’ Franquez, and Danny Perez’ father, Josephat Perez, liked the jazz standards, picked it up and played it. Many local musicians got their first taste of jazz music during this Big Band era of the 194Os and 1950s.

After the 1944 Liberation of Guam the number of American military swelled on the island to as many as 100,000 for a few years as war was wrapping up in Asia. American bands were brought in for the military ‘R&R’ clubs, many of which welcomed local patronage. Vibes Player Louie Gombar noted that the military brought musical acts to Guam from such big cities as Los Angeles to perform for three or four nights. Many of them were jazz units.

There were also civilian clubs such as The Suburban Club in Tamuning, the The Surf Club in Asan and Casino Garden in Tamuning, which featured live music by local musicians.

Forrest Harris recalled that during the 1940s there were many local party venues that demanded live music as well. They ranged from birthdays to fiestas and christenings keeping local musicians busy with work.

By the early 1950 guitarists such as Forrest Harris and Joaquin “Ding” Palomo were both influenced by the playing style of the late Barney Kessel, Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie.

The music scene on Guam: 1960s – 1980s

In 1962, a local band known as the “The Downbeats” was started. This was a new generation of jazz musicians. “The Downbeats” played music similar to the style of the Tiajuana Brass. There were also imported musicians, like Guitarist Frank Cabral and Vibraphonist Louie Gombar, who came to Guam and decided to make the island their home.

Although Cabral plays jazz standards, he is also known for playing and singing Latin music. Cabral explained that there weren’t any jazz clubs on Guam at the time. Nobody could specialize. In the early sixties there were very few clubs. Tumon had none. Everybody was playing everything, the top forties, a lot of country, a lot of Latin, and cha cha.

In the early 1970s, jazz artists such as vocalist Patti Lane and flute player Roberto Fracassini emerged on the island’s music scene. Patrick Palomo recalls that there was a period when many European musicians/vocalists came to Guam. They would perform in Japan, and come to Guam to renew their visas for Japan. Lane and Fracassini were both active in this ‘East Asian musician-circuit’ in the late 1960s and early 1970s and later made Guam their permanent home.

Pianist Tommy Bejado said that throughout those years Guam had a lot of important European groups playing at the hotels in Tumon. They were considered fascinating to the local musicians as they were highly skilled and had an allure to them. Bejado remembered their new sound of which the musicians had not heard the like before.

Towards the late 1970s local jazz talent began to emerge. Carlos T. Laguåña, Patrick Palomo, Tommy Bejado, Linda Guerrero, Telo Taitague, Mike Di Amore, Sal Di Amore, Larry Franquez, Carlos Bordallo, Joey Franquez, and Danny Perez, are just some of Guam’s jazz artists who came on the music scene during this era.

Jazz was played across the airwaves on K-57 Radio by a jazz disc jockey Shelby Shapiro. D.J. Darryl Taggerty said the radio show began in 1977 and aired every Sunday night. It was called, ‘Jazz on the Seventh Day.’ Taggerty took over the show in 1989 when Shapiro left the island and has continued to play jazz to the present.

Jazz on Guam: 1990s- 2000s

Jazz on Guam continues to penetrate the contemporary music scene. Early generations of jazz musicians cannot be separated from young and budding jazz musicians. Their unique yet similar sounds intertwine and this interaction becomes the transition from which new and fresh forms of jazz music evolve. During Jazz Appreciation Month in 2004, Mico and Stevie Scott described the young jazz band “Fried Bananas” as bringing a breath of fresh air to the stage as they mixed in the different influences of younger jazz artists with the persuasion of the more experienced artists.

Many young musicians have been influenced and continue to be influenced by the earlier generations of jazz musicians such as Patrick Palomo. Patrick is doing what his father and those of past generations have done and that is to pass the torch of jazz and keep it burning. Patrick’s passion for music is undeniable and this passion continues to be influential in the lives of many young musicians.

Jazz is a kind of music that gives room for the musicians’ personal expressions and improvisation. Its uniqueness lies in the heart of the musician whose emotions and passion seem to resonate through their musical instruments. Cano Callazo-Cruz, who is the leader of the Latino-jazz band “Caliente,” passionately expressed his craft as the kind of music that is deep-seated.

Jazz is expected to remain an important part of Guam’s artistic history, adding to the collage of musical influences and reflecting the diversity of our island’s culture.

By The University of Guam’s Isla Center for the Arts and the Guam Humanities Council

Editor’s note: The photos and initial research for this entry is courtesy of Mico and Stevie Scott’s Jazz on Guam: An Oral History, a project funded by the Guam Humanities Council and in part by the National Endowment for the Humanities.