• The Chamorros, indigenous people of Guam. Choris, 1824.  From Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).


Choris/Guam Public Library System
  • An altered detail of the rare illustration on farming. Originals courtesy of the Guam Public Library System in Hagåtña.
  • Joaquin Perez, Vicente Reyes, Carlos G. Camacho, and Kurt Moylan. Guam Public Library System Collection.
  • Women at an Umatac shrine paying their respects.  Ancient Chamorros believe in honoring their ancestors and this practice continues to the present.  de Sainson, 1830-33.  From d’Urville’s Voyage de la corvette L’Astrolabe (Paris, 1830-33).

de Sainson/Guam Public Library System
  • Swimming in Tumon Bay, 1916. Guam Public Library System Collection
  • An illustration of jewelry pieces, tools, sacks, devices, and beads used by Chamorros in the 1800's and earlier from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

Guam Public Library System/Judy Flores
  • The Society of Jesus, or the Jesuits, first brought the Catholic faith to Guam in 1668. The Umatac church from d'Urville's Voyage de la corvettte L'Astrolabe, 1830.

de Sainson/Guam Public Library System
  • Freycinet described Guam's economic depression, lax Augustinian morals and the promiscuous attitudes of men and women. Illustration by de Sainson from d'Urville's Voyage de la Corvette L'Astrolabe, 1830.

de Sainson/Guam Public Library System
  • San Vicente School in Barrigada under-construction. Guam Public Library System Collection
  • Pre-war jail and prison in Agana (Hagåtña). Guam Public Library System Collection
  • The sakman was the largest and most impressive vessel, ideal for long voyages and deep sea fishing.  Detail illustration by A. Duperrey and Taunay from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

A. Duperrey and Taunay/Guam Public Library System
  • The Chamorro proa, the sailing vessels so renowned and praised by Europeans who encounter it in the Marianas in the 16th through 18th centuries. The artist, date, and expedition is unknown.

Guam Public Library System
  • Vicente Reyes, Tomas Santos and Kurt Moylan visit the Vocational Trade School, 1960. Guam Public Library System Collection.
  • Distillery Sight on Guam.  J. A. Pellion, 1824.  From Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

J. A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Ancient Chamorros fishing for the village illustrated by J.A. Pellion from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Guam Store, 1946. Guam Public Library System Collection
  • Agana Map illustration by A. Bernard found in Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

A. Bernard/Guam Public Library System
  • Aerial of Adelup Point Elementary, 1950s. First established in 1946 as the Adelup Point Normal School in quonset huts. Guam Public Library System collection.
  • Ma uritao were unmarried young women in a clan, who were chosen to serve an integral role, that of teaching about sex, in the cultivation of uritaos for another clan. Print originates from Gottfried's Newe Welt and Americanischee Historen, 1631.

Johann Ludwig Gottfried/Guam Public Library System
  • Plans for two Chamorro canoes by de Sainson from d'Urville's Voyage de la Corvettte L'Astrolabe, 1830.

de Sainson/Guam Public Library System
  • Guam Store, 1947. Guam Public Library System Collection
  • The kottot or kottut is a traditional plaited pandanus container for a gift of rice.  Detail from the rare illustration of the Northern Mariana Islands: Various Objects used by Ancient Inhabitants by Bèvalet from Freycinet's Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

Bèvalet/Guam Public Library System
  • Lepers of Guam illustration by Js.  Arago from the Freycinet collection, 1824.

Js. Arago/Guam Public Library System
  • Chamorros used many woven items such as the items seen in this illustration, including a baby carrier, a hat, and a portable box container. As illustrated by J.A. Pellion in the Freycinte collection.

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Chamorro youth were expected to model and actively learn the skills of being men and women from their elders. Ancient Chamorros fishing illustrated by J.A. Pellion from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Detail of the village scene of the Ancient Chamorros illustrated by J.A. Pellion from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • When Ferdinand Magellan landed on Guam in 1521, he named the islands Las Islas de las Velas Latinas, (Islands of Lateen Sails), because of the triangular shaped sails used in the Chamorros’ impressive and fast-sailing canoes. Image detail from the Guam Public Library System's Rare Illustration Collection.
  • The Spanish Governor's garden was maintained by the indigenous people as pictured by J.A. Pellion from Freycinet’s Voyage, Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • A rare illustration of a Chamorro with a spear and woven hat.  Illustration by Thedore de Bry from 1602.

Theodor de Bry/Guam Public Library System
  • Pedro Calungsod is honored by the Cebu and Iloilo Filipino communities for his life as a missionary.

Guam Public Library System
  • Judge Joaquin C. Perez, 1970. Guam Public Library System Collection.
  • A group of women making akaleha' (land snail) products. Photo courtesy of the Guam Public Library System and the Department of Chamorro Affairs.
  • After the Spanish Chamorro Wars, the mannakilo' became the ruling class and the mannakpapa became the lower class or the laborers. Illustrated by J.A. Pellion for Freycinte's 1824 collection

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Tumon beach.  Guam Public Library System Collection
  • Manuel Ulloa Lujan and wife Mariana Leon Guerrero Lujan with Gov. Carlton Skinner. Guam Public Library System collection.
  • With the introduction of iron by the European travelers, Chamorros were able to harness the metal's strength and durability into tools for wood carving. Illustration by A. Duperrey and Taunay from the Freycinte collection, 1824.

A. Duperrey and Taunay/Guam Public Library System
  • A Chamorro or Indio tending to a house guest of European descent. Js. Arago's lithograph from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

Js. Arago/Guam Public Library System
  • Chamorros, left, may not have practiced tattooing as the Carolinians, right, during European exploration but it does not mean they never did at one point in ancient times.

J.A. Pellion and Js. Arago/Guam Public Library System
  • Traditional weaver. Although weaving was once a practice in which nearly all CHamorus participated, a select few have been singled out over the past few decades due to their exemplary skill and commitment to perpetuation of the craft. Guam Public Library System P4860, Donor: Thomas Tanaka
  • Ancient Chamorros made clubs and machete-like weapons called damang and katana for close quarters combat. Detail taken from Gottfried's Newe Welt and Americanischee Historen, 1631.

Johann Ludwig Gottfried/Guam Public Library System
  • The Mariana Islands: Claudio Lajo, an Indian of pure blood.  J. A. Pellion, 1824.  From Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

J. A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • "Ancient Ruins of Columns Seen on the Island of Tinian."  Drawn by Jacques Arago for Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris,1824.

Jacques Arago/Guam Public Library System
  • The Chamorro population dropped from around 50,000 in the late 1500's to 3,500 in 1705. The village of Umatac by Le Breton from d'Urville's Voyage au pole sud et dans l'oceanie. Atlas Pittoresgue, Paris 1841.

Le Breton/Guam Public Library System
  • After the Spanish Chamorro Wars, Chamorros escaped their oppressors watchful eyes by farming. This social change enhanced the role of the blacksmith to make farm tools. Illustrated by J.A. Pellion for Freycinte's 1824 collection

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Guinahan famagu'on (Child's wealth) is a Chamorro form of adornment where the size of the shell disks begins at one inch and gradually increases to six inches in diameter. Detail from the rare illustration of the Northern Mariana Islands: Various Objects used by Ancient Inhabitants by Bèvalet from Freycinet's Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

Bèvalet/Guam Public Library System
  • The panga and galaide were the smallest vessels, for use within the reef. This detail image is by A. Duperrey and Taunay from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

A. Duperrey and Taunay/Guam Public Library System
  • Island of Guam: Governor's Palace Garden.  J. A. Pellion, 1824.  From Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

J. A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Judge Cristobal Duenas swears in Richard Benson with family, 1970. Guam Public Library System Collection
  • The State of Judiciary Address, 1979. Guam Public Library System Collection
  • The Mariannes: Leprosy and Tuberculosis Patients.  Js. Arago, 1824. From Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).


Js. Arago/Guam Public Library System
  • A woman from Guam wearing a veil and rosary necklace in a drawing by Arago in 1824.

Arago/Guam Public Library System
  • This alas has a central and three small piercings which indicates a difference in value.  The alas was a common adornment for the ancient Chamorros as documented by Bévalet in the Freycinte collection, 1824.

Bèvalet/Guam Public Library System
  • Ancient Chamorro latte structure illustrated by E. Oliver from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

E. Oliver/Guam Public Library System
  • Judge Joaquin C. Perez, Ana T. Reyes, and Vicente Reyes. Guam Public Library System Collection.
  • Aerial of Hospital and Perezville, 1958. Guam Public Library System Collection.
  • Many European visitors to Guam noted that Chamorros came out to greet and trade with them in dozens of canoes. Print originates from Gottfried's Newe Welt and Americanischee Historen, 1631.

Johann Ludwig Gottfried/Guam Public Library System
  • An art piece done by Coghlan.

Guam Public Library System
  • The Marianna Islands: Stephan Lajo, an Indian of pure blood.  J. A. Pellion, 1824.  From Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).


J. A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Chamorros created tools from materials found on the island, such as shells and bone, before the introduction of metal by the Europeans. After realizing the strength of iron, Chamorros traded food and water with visitors to obtain it.

Johan Ludwig Gottfried/Guam Public Library System
  • "Sight of the Watering Place of the Island of Tinian." An illustration from George Anson’s Voyage Around the World in the Years 1740-44. Anson was the first to produce an illustration of the House of Taga in 1742, while recuperating for two months after two years at sea. 

George Anson/Guam Public Library System
  • Presiding Judge Paul J. Abbate, Jr. Judiciary Address, 1979. Guam Public Library System Collection
  • Fort Santiago was located on Orote Peninsula, along Guam's west coast, as shown on this map produced by French explorer Freycinet and published in his Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

Freycinet/Guam Public Library System
  • The leklek, duding and duduli are smaller vessels for short distances as illustrated by de Sainson in d'Urville's Voyage de la corvettte L'Astrolabe, 1830.

de Sainson/Guam Public Library System
  • Vicente Reyes, Tomas Santos, and Kurt Moylan visit the Vocational Trade School, 1960.  Guam Public Library System Collection.
  • Three objects from the illustration entitled Ancient Chamorro Objects produced by Bévalet in Freycinet's Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

Bèvalet/Guam Public Library System
  • Joaquin Perez, Edward S. Terlaje, Francisco Torres, Paul J. Abbate, Carlos G. Camacho, Lourdes, Camacho, Joaquin Duenas, and Joaquin Manibusan. Guam Public Library System Collection
  • Vocational Trade Technical School, Mangilao. Guam Public Library System Collection.
  • An intricate woven item from the rare illustration of the Northern Mariana Islands: Various Objects used by Ancient Inhabitants by Bèvalet from Freycinet's Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

Bèvalet/Guam Public Library System
  • In ancient Chamorro society the matao, high class, were shown respect from the lower class, manachang.  Iillustrated by J.A. Pellion from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • "Ancient Ruins of Columns Seen on the Island of Tinian."  Drawn by Jacques Arago for Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris,1824.

Jacques Arago/Guam Public Library System
  • An alas bead is shown here.  Detail from the rare illustration of the Northern Mariana Islands: Various Objects used by Ancient Inhabitants by Bèvalet from Freycinet's Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

Bèvalet/Guam Public Library System
  • Tumon Bay Pre-War. Guam Public Library System Collection.
  • Females have been responsible for the children’s religious upbringing. Women and men at a gravesite from d'Urville's Voyage de la corvettte L'Astrolabe, 1830.

de Sainson/Guam Public Library System
  • Men, before European contact, wore conical hats of plaited leaves to protect them from the sun, especially when fishing.

Bèvalet/Guam Public Library System
  • Detail of a woman holding the lommok standing next to a lusong in the village scene of the Ancient Chamorros illustrated by J.A. Pellion from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Franciscan Sisters of Perpetual Adoration attend Special Olympics gathering, 1978. Guam Public Library System Collection
  • Chamorro week, 1980. Guam Public Library System Collection
  • Luis de Torres helped create a better understanding of the western Pacific for the Europeans by showing them Chamorro hospitality. Js. Arago's lithograph from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

Js. Arago/Guam Public Library System
  • Ward and Micronesian Area Research Center (MARC), University of Guam. Form left to right: Marjorie Driver, Acting Director of MARC, UOG President Antonio C. Yamashita, Herbert T. Ward (Diver and author), Msgr. Oscar L. Calvo, and Emilie Johnston. LP835 Guam Public Library System
  • Guam Judges, 1980. Standing from left to right: Janet Weeks, Joaquin Manibusan, and Richard Benson. Seated are Paul J. Abbate, Jr. and John P. Raker. Guam Public Library System Collection
  • Kurt S. Moylan ran with Carlo G. Camacho for Lieutenant governor in 1970 and won.  Moylan also co-established Citizen's Security Bank in 1991. Guam Public Library System.
  • The Mariana Islands: Maianna, Child of the Mayor of Umatac.   J. A. Pellion, 1824.  From Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).


J. A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Ma uritao, an ancient Chamorro term used to describe a young unmarried women who sexually train young men. Scene of the Ancient Chamorros illustrated by J.A. Pellion from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Francisco Lujan. Guam Public Library System Collection.
  • A bone fish hook is illustrated in a print entitled :Things in the Mariana Islands, part of the Guam Public Library's Rare Illustrations Collection.

Guam Public Library System
  • Carolinian male and female tattoos as illustrated by Js. Arago of the Freycinet expedition published in 1824.

Js. Arago/Guam Public Library System
  • The leklek, duding and duduli, three of the six ancient Chamorro canoes, were smaller vessels used for shorter voyages. An illustration of a small canoe from d'Urville's Voyage de la corvettte L'Astrolabe, 1830.

de Sainson/Guam Public Library System
  • The alas was a common adornment for the ancient Chamorros.  Detail from the rare illustration of the Mariana Islands: Various Objects used by Ancient Inhabitants by Bèvalet from Freycinet's Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

Bèvalet/Guam Public Library System
  • Ancient Chamorros wore woven sandals to protect their feet, especially while walking the reef.

Bèvalet/Guam Public Library System
  • A detail image of an adze used by ancient Chamorros to carve.  Bèvalet, 1824.  From Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde Paris.

Bèvalet/Guam Public Library System
  • Teachers, 1956. Guam Public Library System Collection
  • Js. Arago/Guam Public Library System
  • Migration of the Mariana Islands about 4,000 years ago was made possible with the sophisticated construction of seaworthy crafts as illustrated by Antoine Prevost, which is part of his collection of voyages, 1753.

Antoine Prevost/Guam Public Library System
  • Some archeologists have surmised ancient peoples slashed and burned not only to build settlements but to cultivate 4,000 years ago. Although, more concise archeological evidence and historical records of agriculture comes from the Latte Period (AD 900-1521). Illustrated by J.A. Pellion for Freycinte's 1824 collection

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Detail of the ancient Chamorro fishing scene illustrated by J.A. Pellion from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • The panga and galaide were the smallest vessels, for use within the reef.  Detail of a vessel by A. Duperrey and Taunay from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

A. Duperrey and Taunay/Guam Public Library System
  • Fanohge CHamoru Exhibition Section 5: Oral Histories and Intergenerational Conversations. Guam Insular Force Guard parade, displaying of Guam Flag, ca. 1917. Guam Public Library System Collection.
  • Court House, Agana (Hagåtña). Guam Public Library System Collection
  • Judge Vicente Reyes, 1960. Guam Public Library System Collection.
  • Ancient Chamorro women wore hats conical in shape, but lacked the wide brim seen in men’s hats.

Bèvalet/Guam Public Library System
  • By the late 1700's, after the Spanish had colonized and Christianized the Chamorros, people typically wore jewelry made of silver or gold rather than traditional shells.  Rare illustration of Josepha, child of the Mayor of Umatac. J. A. Pellion, 1824.  From Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

J. A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • A print of the people of the Mariana Islands by Dieinwhohner ver Diebs Infeln from the 1700s illustrates the lack of clothing and interactions between the men and women.

Dieinwhohner ver Diebs Infeln/Guam Public Library System
  • A village scene depicts the difference in caste through body language and building structures.  Also illustrated is the lack of body coverings as being unnecessary.  Bachelor’s houses were houses for young Chamorro men in the Mariana Islands from ancient times until the late 1600s. A village scene of the Ancient Chamorros illustrated by J.A. Pellion from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • The matao, or noble of ancient Chamorro caste system, holds a long stick with a sharpened stone attached at the tip. Ancient Chamorros used a stick and adze for agriculture.

J.A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • Umatac Bay scene by de Sainson from d'Urville's Voyage de la corvettte L'Astrolabe, 1830.

de Sainson/Guam Public Library System
  • Padre Diego Luis de San Vitores, a Jesuit priest, established the first Catholic mission and the first western schools in Hagåtña during the late 17th century.

Guam Public Library System
  • Sight of the royal farm of Tachugna, Guam.  J. A. Pellion, 1824.  From Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

J. A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • European trading ships were in contact with Chamorros before the time of Father Diego Luís de San Vitores’ mission in 1668. The contact caused Chamorros to be exposed to new diseases.

Theodor de Bry/Guam Public Library System
  • The balakbagk, a Chamorro woven bag, was equipped with straps to carry a load at waist level.  Detail from the rare illustration of the Northern Mariana Islands: Various Objects used by Ancient Inhabitants by Bèvalet from Freycinet's Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

Bèvalet/Guam Public Library System
  • Spears were wooden with their ends either sharpened and fire hardened or equipped with a tip made of human bone. An image of spears in the Mariana Islands from Bry's collection of voyages, 1602.

Theodor de Bry/Guam Public Library System
  • This illustration of the Royal Farm at Tachugna, Guam provides examples of the houses of lower class " manak'papa'" people.   J. A. Pellion, 1824.  From Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde (Paris, 1824).

J. A. Pellion/Guam Public Library System
  • A young lady poses with a display of akaleha' (land snail) products. Photo courtesy of the Guam Public Library System and the Department of Chamorro Affairs.
  • An illustration of the tools, canoe, proa, and machete used by Chamorros on a daily basis in the early 1800's. Illustration of tools used by Chamorros from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

 A. Duperrey and Taunay/Guam Public Library System
  • Spaniards from Spain are peninsulars and Spaniards born in the colonies are insulars. Colegio de San Juan de Letrán from Freycinet's Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

Js. Arago/Guam Public Library System
  • On the island of Rota, north of Guam, there were remnants of ancient Chamorro structures in the 19th century. Illustration by Js. Arago from Freycinet’s Voyage Autour de Monde, Paris, 1824.

Js. Arago/Guam Public Library System
  • Tumon Church and San Vitores Monument. Guam Public Library System Collection

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