Atanasio Taitano Perez
First postmaster of Guam, first Secretary to the Governor during US Naval Era
Atanasio Taitano Perez (1874 – 1950), commonly known as Don Perez, is the only child of Francisco Taitano Perez and Maria Encarnacion Perez. He was born in Hong Kong on 5 June 1874. While being raised and living in Hong Kong he received his early education and subsequently attended St. Joseph’s College. By the late 1800’s, his father desired for his family to return home to Guam, and that they did.
On 11 January 1894 he married Carmen Arriola Duenas, daughter of Agustin Evaristo Duenas and Domitila Rivera Arriola. Together, they had a total of 13 children; however, only six of their daughters survived beyond childhood. Their children who lived to be adults were Maria, Isabel, Eliza Rita, Beatrice, Ursula and Brigida Taitano Perez.
Perez was a highly successful public servant for Guam since 1 August 1899 and then retiring on 1 June 1935. He held key government positions over many naval government administrations that included:
- An appointment as a Clerk and Interpreter by Acting Governor William Coe on 1 August 1899
- Appointment as the first Postmaster of Guam on 29 July 1901 when the first post office of Guam was is directed to be established
- An appointment as a Special Laborer to oversee the Commissary Store, Clothing and Small Stores
- A promotion to Chief Clerk on 5 March 1906
- An appointment as Associate Justice in the Guam Court of Appeals, 15 July 1916
- An appointment as member of the Guam Higher Court of Equity, 20 September 1916
- An appointment as Associate Justice in Guam Higher Court of Equity 10 September 1917.
Perez spoke Chamorro, English, Spanish, Portuguese and Cantonese-Chinese.
In addition to government service, Perez was also personally involved in the movement petitioning Congress to establish a permanent civilian government and United States Citizenship for the people of Guam. He was one of the 32 signatory officials of Guam that petitioned Congress in 1901.
In 1925 when some members of the United States House of Representatives visited Guam, they attended a Guam Congress session held in Dorn Hall on 1 July. Following Naval Governor Henry Price’s welcoming remarks and comments, Perez was the first to present and address on behalf of the Chamorro people:
“Gentlemen of Congress, the Chamorros today occupy an anomalous position. One of the masterpieces of American literature tells of a man, who, because of the proud contemptuousness with which he regarded his country, was made an outcast from the land and became “A Man Without a Country.” We also are without a country. Since 1899 the question of the status of the Chamorros has been intermittently discussed in Washington, but no effective steps have been taken to grant us citizenship in the country we look on as our own.
The Chamorros are neither citizens nor aliens – they are truly without a country. When the United States acquired sovereignty over the Virgin Islands, citizenship was immediately conferred on the inhabitants, but Guam, for 26 years an American possession, has not yet been granted that privilege.
We appeal to the American ideals and sense of justice. May I, on behalf of my fellow Chamorros, beg that you give this subject your consideration, and may I hope that Congress will see fit to retain our appreciation and strengthen our loyalty by granting us the title we would prize above all others – Citizens of the United States.”
Perez’ point about Chamorros being without a country is supported by a 1901 court case opined by United States Federal District Court Judge Morris M. Estee. The case involved a Chamorro named Comanche [possibly Camacho] who was a resident in Hawai`i for many years. On 26 June 1901 Estee intimated that the court could not grant citizenship to him, but “only to Polynesians admitted to citizenship being the Hawaiians, admitted by act of Congress.”
While Congress remained unresponsive to Guam’s pleas for citizenship and civilian governance, during World War II, and just two weeks before the US stormed ashore to repossess Guam, Perez lost his left eye from flying shell fragments in a bomb shelter on 7 July 1944 in Hagåtña. In addition to that injury, he sustained other wounds and powder burns about his legs and face. As if that was not enough, the upper lobe of one of his ears was pierced by a bullet.
It is unfortunate that Perez did not live to see the day of his passionate efforts of when the Chamorro people of Guam would finally become US Citizens and a government that would later transition from the Navy to a civilian government. He died 23 April 1950, just a few months before President Harry Truman signed the Guam Organic Act into law on 1 August 1950.
For further reading
____. 1901. Guam Natives May Not be Naturalized. San Diego Union. San Diego, CA.
____. 1925. Chamorros Make Plea for US Citizenship. The Guam Recorder, Vol. 2 No. 17. Agana, Guam.
____. 1937. Who’s Who in Guam: Mr. Atanasio Taitano Perez, page 4. The Guam Recorder, February 1937. Agana, Guam.
____. 1995. I Manfayi, Who’s Who in Chamorro History (Hale-ta book series). Department of Chamorro Affairs (Guam). Political Status Education Coordinating Committee. : Hagåtña, Guam.
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). Record of Appointment of Postmasters, 1832-Sept. 30, 1971; Roll #: 18; Archive Publication No. M841. Washington, D.C.
Souder, Paul B. 1978. Heritage: A Genealogy of the Souder-Torres and Affiliated Families Throughout the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries.