On 11 November 1962, Typhoon Karen hit the island of Guåhan. The New York Times reported that the island was “struck by 200-mile [per hour] winds” and “seven persons died, thousands were made homeless, [and] businesses were wrecked…” The federal aid provided in the aftermath of the typhoon helped, for the first time, in the rebuilding of the island and the increased use of concrete for homes and other structures.