Award-winning group of sugar cane farmers, Saipan. Photograph courtesy of the Micronesian Area Research Center (MARC).

Japan takes control of German and Spanish possessions in Micronesia, including all of the Micronesian islands except Guam, which is under US control. The move was considered a political and economic necessity for expansion. The earliest Japanese migrants to Micronesia worked as traders and then as fishermen, farmers and laborers.